Political Science- W E.B. Dubois/ Booker T. Washington Dubois- chapter called ?Co workers and the kingdom of culture- his vision of race synthesis?- the coming together of blacks and whites. 1st chapter called ?color line?. He was young adult in the heat of the industrial Revolution, these two guys got more progressive/liberal/radical as they got older. The difference of the two- Dubois emphasizes is on culture but booker is focused internally on American society and hoe AA?s can integrate post civil war, Dubois foresees gradual globalization and looking at the future and a global society, and how America needs whites and AA?s, for America, to work together. Double consciousness- issues for AA?s and self improvement, their soul is divided against themselves, dominant American part that looks down on blackness, suppressed black part that sees reality of ugly America that is not living up to its ideals. Mission of black man is to merge himself into a better self through education and better training. Booker?s thoughts in this paragraph. Black man must become a co worker in cultured anticipates Afrocentrisism and the 60?s movements by some of his writings. 4 things Booker saw that must happen- 1- higher individualism- gives them a worldly outlook free of narrow and provincial attitudes and it can be accomplished through well rounded liberal arts education. 2- broader sense of humanity- ultimately we need to move beyond race and focus on global fellowship in a global community 3- AA?s facing up to own shortcomings- fight beliefs that society has of AA?s inferiority, this must be fought and resisted but they must also take into account their shortcomings. 4- There is a role for AA?s to Africanize America and add to their culture, love their culture. BTW was co founder of the NAACP. Wanted to fight injustice through the court system. Broke with them prior to the civil rights movement. Talks about a trade off of whites and blacks, asserting that through their roots they have a variety of things to teach others and also need to absorb modern culture- more cultured in worldly ways (science and education) he says that America is starved of culture and was born on democracy, results in a race synthesis, a difference of A and white cultural ideals Essay of Dubois ?the talented tents? argues for the training of the elite ?army? for AA?s, ?trained living soul?.? quote p. 486. Stands for the industrial training of the many rather than the few for the advancement of AA?s Washington was moral and religious, Booker was cultural based Final section- Dubois joined the communist party in 1961, he says that views were compatible with the US constitution, did not specify capitalism. The IR was a pivotal point that changed things; the constitutional document should be regarded in a different light after the IR. Dubois answer is the socialist-communist; democratic control meets ownership of industry, said is meet what the founding Fathers wanted to do. ?Human nature can and must be changed?.? quote in book. He (Dubois) viewed it as pan-African socialism to recover the African path and forge the socialist future. Teddy Roosevelt- excerpts from the Hofstadter book are focus- ?the conservative as progressive? title. He grew up in a wealthy NY family, taught politics was dirty and conventional politics benefited the business class, started the WW was the only political scientist to be elected president-test question. He was a practical pragmatic person, TR politics was a cheap affair that was shunned by gentlemen, related with America but had class issues, disposed rich/ feared the poor (mob) annoyed by middle class reformers. H notes that TR only class he saw virtue in was in the military. He wants a virtuous leading class not the ones that can be bought. Idolized the hunter, frontiersman, and cowboy. Later challenged big business tycoon like J.P. Morgan. As he moved through the political system in 1890?s in a recession he fought against labor and populist movements like communism and on the other side were the monopolies and trusts that he thought were short sighted and looking for their interest as a whole. TR- paternalistic imperialism- wasn?t one to use Christian morality attitudes for exploitation, he actually believed in those. Wanted to help other cultures catch up and get everyone on the same playing field. TR Started as statesman and state assemblymen- investigated tenement sweat shops, disgusted by filth and the lives that workers led. Served on police commissioners, asst sec. for the Navy, governor of NY, VP, then President, also a military hero, head of the roughriders. Wanted to assert American preeminence in the western hemisphere. Became president, was in the republican reform wing of the party, TR was popular military hero that put him on ticket as VP to get rid of him, McKinley assonated then TR is president and turns against enemies of his own party. He was all about law and order, but also a social reformer in many ways. He befriended labor and reversed his position to support 40 hr work week. First President to address balance of workers and unions/ and impartial arbiter. Wanted US to be a military power and moral leader at the same time. stood as vanguard of socialism. Social Darwinism in political systems. For TR his method of reform was to regulate business to avoid government owning the business, regulate instead of confiscate. Bus was competing with state for power, wanted proactive government he was a fan of Hamilton. 1908- He stepped down and handpicked Taft as next leader who went back to old ways and a tried to win election in 1912 but does not win rep ticket, led way for WW to win presidency with a split vote for TR and Taft. Supported progressive reform Text book chapter- TR saw weakness in college studies that did not teach of collective responsibility. Strong nationalist and militarist, TR fan of Hamilton, GW, and Lincoln in his use of executive authority. Admired west as synthesis because of virtues of the free north and of American character, the west stood for the right mix of individualism and social cooperation, strong supporter of manifest destiny, first pres to invite an AA man to dinner in the Whitehouse- booker T Washington. Stewardship Theory of Executive Power- president has the power to expand the use of presidential powers, things that are not delegated to the president. 4 applications of stewardship- finish line is democracy and freedom Power to curb monopolies and break up trusts Conservationist- environmental president, to conserve our natural recourses, Support the Arts- public monuments also Muscular Foreign Policy- ?speak softly and carry a very big stick?, sent new naval fleet around the country on a tour and bullied congress for money for it. Bills of Rights are negative freedoms explained- government is stopped from infringing on our rights, government needs to protect these rights. Not a fan of separation of powers he believed to give the power to a trusted few. Not a fan of party politics as controlled by the party machine. Said a great nation rarely belongs to one race p. 545, to transcend race. TR progressive movement- 1. Rejection of American exceptionalism 2- end of individual property rights in exchange for economic justice. Not to be an individualistic society, not to undermine America as a society and our natural purpose
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