Psych 1: Lecture 24- Treatment: 5/25/11 What is therapy? Therapy is an interaction in which a trained professional tries to help another person think, feel, and/or behave differently Who provides it? Psychiatrist Clinical psychologist Counseling psychologist Clinical social worker Psychological therapies Psychodynamic (Sigmund Freud) Free association Resistance Transference Interpretation Corrective emotional experience Humanistic (client-centered, Carl Rogers) Self-actualization Genuineness Unconditional positive regard Accurate empathetic understanding Humanistic (gestalt, Fritz Perls) Present focus Individual responsibility Dream work Attention to nonverbal cues Acted out metaphor Behavioral (Pavlov, Skinner, Bandura) Exposure therapy (Joseph Wolpe) Used to treat phobias/fears Client learns to physically relax Exposed to ?anxiety hierarchy? while relaxed Exposure therapy for phobia of public speaking In therapist?s office, talk to therapist Stand up while having that conversation Be videotaped while talking (without audience) and watch videotape Speak up in a group meeting or class Give a practice talk to a supportive group Token economy Modeling Cognitive (Aaron Beck) Dysfunctional beliefs (Albert Ellis) Logical errors in thinking maintain beliefs Rational-Emotive Behavioral Therapy Biological Therapies Psychosurgery (Egas Moniz) Electroconvulsive therapy Transcranial magnetic stimulation TMS can be used to increase or decrease activation in areas important for mood Effective for many cases of drug-resistant depression Deep brain stimulation Pharmacotherapy Common mechanisms of action?
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