Wounded Knee Massacre Dec. 29, 1890 Chief Big Foot Lakota 7th Cavalry Approx. 300 Lakota killed Peyote Holy right Sacramental use Mild, non-habit forming Hallucinogenic Produced visions Also makes you throw up Had been used for generations by Mexican tribes as well as Apache and Comanche Quanah Parker Comanche Chief Leader in Peyote Religion Dreams, visions, vomiting Symbolic cleansing Meetings begin at night last until morning Banned by US Threat to assimilation Gov tried to destroy as much peyote as possible Native American Church Mix of traditional Indigenous beliefs and Christianity Took peyote instead of bread and wine 1918 ? Oklahoma 1944 ? national church Spread via railroad Portable religion Traveling Men End of the Trail Created as a tribute to American Indians James Earle Fraser 1915 San Fran Expo
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