Intoxication in Indian Country Act 1892 Passed by Congress Prohibits sale or transportation of alcohol in Indian Country Curtis Act ? 1898 Sponsored by Charles Curtis US Congressman (Republican) US Vice President (Hoover 1929-33) Kaw/Osage Extends Allotment to Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole Dissolves tribal governments Indigenous Resistance to Allotment Refused to give up tribal ways Continued practicing cultural life styles Chitto Harjo Creek Urged resistance 1901 Keetoowah Society ?Pin Indians? ? wore insignia 5,000 C4/S Leader ? Red Bird Smith Assimilation Efforts Continue? 1902 Commissioner of Indian Affairs Indian Agents Indigenous men prohibited from wearing their hair long Refuse to comply ? annuities withheld The ?Dead? Indian Act -- 1902 Allows for the sale of inherited allotments Commissioner of Indian Affairs can waive 25 yr restriction on allotments
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