Lesson Two: Phonetics
- University of Washington - Seattle Campus
- Linguistics 200
- Mcgarrity, L
- Lesson Two: Phonetics
Last Modified: 2011-07-19
Related Textbooks:Fox-English Lexicon (Language and Literature Series, Native American Linguistics, I)
-how they are produced (Articulatory)
-how they are perceived (Auditory)
-their physical properties (Acoustic)
Defined by their:
-only a small amount of air is let through
5. Alveo Palatal
‘bi-’ means ‘two’
‘labial’ means ‘lips’
[p, b m, w]
for some speakers, the voiceless w. The voiceless [w] (the one with the little circle underneath it) is only for SOME engl speakers (which)
[f] and [v]
English has two, represented orthographically with the same letter sequence ‘th’. Thing (theta symbol)
There (other circle symbol thing) 'eth'
-most popular place in ENGL lang
t, d, n, s, z, l, r (the upside down r, such as "butter, water, bottle"
-->the bony plate that constitutes the ROOF of the mouth
[j] is the one true palatal, but the "esh" sound in a word like "ship"; the "ezh" sound in the middle of a word like "measure", the "ch" sound in a word like "church", and its voiced counterpart, the sound at the beginning and ending of the word "judge".
the fleshy area just behind your hard palate and just before the little dangly thing in the back of your mouth.
The three velar consonants of English are [k] as in "king", [g] as in "gang" and the velar nasal (n with dangle) (called "engma") which is the final sound in both "king" and "gang"
The two glottal sounds of English are [h] and the so-called glottal stop [?] looking one
bilabial stops: [p] and [b]
alveolar stops: [t] and [d]
velar stops: [k] and [g]
glottal: uh-oh (upside down question mark thing)
-hissy noises, elongate-able
'fric' is NOT, but fricativvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvve is!
labiodental [f] and [v]
interdental theta and eth,
alveolar [s] and [z],
alveopalatal eshand, ezh,
and the glottal fricative [h]
There are only two affricates in English:
the voiceless alveopalatal
‘ch’ (t+curve thing)
sound as in "church"
and the VOICED initial and final sound in "judge".
velar: [ng] (n+tail) -->"engma"
lateral: LLLLLLLLeaf!! lat=l
retroflex: RRRRRRed! Retro=r (it is the upside down r sign!)
j (YUUUU! sound) "yawn"
w w/ circle underneath (voiceless w, WHHHich)
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