Ethnocentrism and Sexual Identity What are we really struggling with? We?re all in this together? Proposed law in Uganda, Africa: ?Death to homosexuals!? Senegal: 1-4 years in prison for ?homosexual behavior.? Proposed law in Philippines: 15 years in prison for LGBTs attempting to marry (although ?homosexual acts? are legal Morocco: Up to 3 years in prison for ?homosexual acts? Jamaica: 10 years hard labor for ?homosexual acts? Pakistan: 2 years to life for ?homosexual acts? United Arab Emirates: Fines, prison time, or death for ?homosexual acts? Turkmenistan: Up to 2 years in prison for male ?homosexual acts? ? but legal for females SOC 119 Students ? Fall 2009 What is your opinion on gay marriage? I support full marital rights for gays and lesbians ? 59% Gay and lesbian partners should have the same legal rights as heterosexual (married) partners, but I don?t support calling their unions ?marriages? ? 19% Gay and lesbian partners should have some of the rights of heterosexual (married) partners ? 9% I support gay and lesbian partnerships but I don?t want to grant any ?rights? to them ? 6% I don?t support gay and lesbian partnerships in any way, so to grant ?rights? to those partnerships is to wrongly encourage them ? 7% Why do so many people struggle to accept same-sex love/relations? Most of us are straight Some of us believe that homosexuality is morally wrong VEGETABLE FACTS There are different vegetables grown all over the world. The Americas produced potatoes and corn, while planters in Africa first cultivated yams and okra. Beets, broccoli, and chard, by contrast, were originally grown in Europe. Which of the following are vegetables? A. broccoli B. corn C. chard D. potatoes E. okra F. beets G. All of the above are vegetables I Corinthians 6:9-10 "Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived. Neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor homosexuals, nor sodomites, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners will inherit the kingdom of God." Which is a sin that could shut heaven?s door when you arrive? a. fornication b. idolatry c. drunkenness d. sodomy e. homosexuality f. thievery g. all of the above Sins in 1 Corinthians, 6 FORNICATION: having same-sex sex OR having sex outside of marriage IDOLATRY: worshiping objects ADULTERY: having sex outside of one?s own marriage COVETOUSNESS: desiring with envy something that belongs to someone else Sins, continued REVILING: verbally abusing EXTORTION: using a bribe to get someone to do something DRUNKENNESS: oh shit!! THIEVERY: ?free? beer SODOMY: any kind of sex that is not intercourse HOMOSEXUAL SEX: of course HOMOSEXUALITY SURA III : Al-i-Imran -- Text and note 81: "For ye practice your lusts on man in preference to women: ye are indeed a people transgressing beyond bounds." GREED SURA IV: An-Nissa -- Text and note 37 "(Nor) those who are greedy or enjoin greediness on others or hide the bounties which God hath bestowed in them; For we have prepared for those who resist faith, a punishment that steeps them in contempt." ALCOHOL SURA V -- Test and note 90-91 "Oh ye who believe, intoxicants and gambling, dedication of stones, and divination by arrows are an abomination of Satan?s handiwork. Eschew such abomination that you may prosper? Gay ? Lesbian ? Bisexual Queer (political) Sex (biology) transsexual, hermaphrodite Gender (sociology/psych/culture) transgender (break patterns with one?s ?socialization?) Sexual Orientation (biol-socl-psych) arousal & sex Let?s Define the Terms Caster Semenya ? 18 year old South African runner She has no ovaries or uterus She has internal testes that produce large amounts of testosterone She does not have a penis She has breasts ?I?m just not comfortable with the gay lifestyle and especially when they flaunt it.? pda What?s the Difference? Gay vs. Straight Gay Bar Maybe they?re not ?flaunting it.? Maybe you are just paying more attention! What does a ?gay lifestyle? look like? gay What does a ?gay lifestyle? look like? gay What does a ?gay lifestyle? look like? gay What does a ?gay lifestyle? look like? gay What does a ?gay lifestyle? look like? gay gay ?Isn?t it a choice?? Can we deconstruct ?choice?? Ever see young children who are gay? - Why are some men ?fem? and some women ?butch?? Ever asked someone? ?Kick me!? Twin studies Choosing gay sex vs. choosing to be gay ?But most of us are heterosexual?aren?t we?? ?Have you had a homosexual encounter?? WOMEN ? any sexual experience 15-19 = 10.6% 20-24 = 14.2% 25-29 = 14.1% 30-44 = 9.7% MEN ? oral or anal sex 15-19 = 4.5% 20-24 = 5.5% 25-29 = 5.7% 30-44 = 6.7% Will you have a homosexual encounter? - National Center for Health Statistics - 2004 ARE YOU SEXUALLY ATTRACTED TO PEOPLE OF THE SAME SEX? WOMEN 4.4% say ?Yes? MEN 6.2% say ?Yes? Research by Edward Laumann (1994) HETERO vs. HOMOSEXUALITY The continuum of sexuality - ?Does this mean we?re all bi-sexual?? Straight and L/G people can ?cross the road? and then return when necessary. Gay erotica will arouse people who identify as ?straight.? - ?Does this mean I?m gay?? Research by Henry Adams, University of Georgia Recruited 64 heterosexual men and divided them into two groups (most and least heterosexist/homophobic) after they filled out a questionnaire. They were hooked up to an erectile meter as they watched porn. Research by Henry Adams, University of Georgia Both groups of men got aroused when watching heterosexual and lesbian sex. However, 80% of the ?homophobes? and 34% of the non-homophobes got erections when watching gay male sex?even though they claimed to NOT be aroused! Sometimes you can?t hide an erection! Sometimes it can be difficult to hide Rev. Ted Haggard Research by Meredith Chivers Straight men experience strongest arousal watching heterosexual or lesbian sex Gay men most strongly aroused watching gay male sex For men, the reports of their arousal matched their actual arousal Straight women aroused by straight, gay, or lesbian sex Lesbian women aroused by straight, gay, or lesbian sex Women did not report their arousal for the sex outside of their orientation What about straight porn? ?Isn?t it unnatural?? ?NATURAL? SEX ?Unprotected intercourse with the intention of creating life? Male orgasm is essential but not female orgasms Cunnilingus and fellatio are out of bounds Kissing, touching, toe-sucking, hair stroking, and the like are all unnatural No tongues ? they?re very unnatural Our LGBT cousins of other species don?t seem to have a problem with their gayness. Biologists have researched homosexual behavior in nearly 500 different species and observed it in another 1,000 (Biological Exuberance ? Bruce Bagemihl) There are differences in homosexual activity within species. There is a range of reported incidence among species. Research the sexual proclivities of sheep: Found that about 8 percent of rams (male sheep) seek sex exclusively with other rams and never ewes (female sheep) ~ From research by Charles Roselli ?But what about the children?? The agony of defeat. The Santorum Family on election night - 2006 LGBTs and Adoption The American Academy of Pediatrics announced its support for the right of gay men and lesbians to adopt their partners? children in February of 2002. LGBT adoptions are permitted in CA, IL, NY, VT Functions of the Family Straight Families Socialize children Emotional security Provide us with our culture and social status Provide economic support Regulate human sexual activity Give people a reason to see a therapist Procreation and reproduction LGBT Families Socialize Children Emotional security Provide us with our culture and social status Provide economic support Regulate human sexual activity Give people a reason to see a therapist Procreation and reproduction Your children are safe? A exhaustive study of 571 sex offenders and over 67,000 cases of child sexual abuse concluded that LGBTs are sex offenders equal to their proportion in any population. This is thought to be the most accurate study on sex abuse offenders yet conducted! ?I?m cool with a ?union? but just don?t call it a ?marriage.?? What?s it look like? Corporate Equality Index 2002: 13 2009: ? Corporate Equality Index 2002: 13 2009: 260 From the 2000 U.S. Census 594,000 households in the U.S. were headed by same-sex partners (probably a conservative number) 33% of the lesbian couples in this group have children 18 yrs. or younger 22% of the gay male couples in this group have children 18 yrs. or younger From data collected by the Kaiser Family Foundation: 76% of LGB people report increased acceptance in American society 73% of us (know we) know somebody who is LGB 62% (know we) have an LGB friend or acquaintance 75% of us support laws to protect LGB people from prejudice and discrimination in employment From data collected by the Kaiser Family Foundation?cont.: 76% of us support laws to protect LGB people from discrimination in housing 73% support inheritance rights for LGB partners 70% support employer-provided health insurance for LGB partners 68% of us support Social Security benefits for LGB partners JUST RELAX! It?s really not that big of a deal?is it? ?Isn?t it dangerous?? Bashing and LGBT youth: 15% of LGBT high school students have been injured in a bashing such that they?ve had to seek medical services. 64% of LGBT college students will be teased, harassed, or attacked at some point in their college years because of their sexual orientation. ** Luckily, many states across the country are enacting ?anti-bullying laws? designed to stop the harassment of LGBT youth. From data collected by the Kaiser Family Foundation: 74% of LGB people say they have been victims of verbal abuse based on their sexual orientation 32% say they have been targets of physical violence (either to self or physical property) From ?Crime in the U.S. 2008, FBI, Uniform Crime Reports 16% of Hate Crime incidents reported to the FBI in 2008 were incited by the victim?s perceived sexual orientation. 54% of Hate Crime incidents were inspired by racial hatred, 11% were motivated by ethnicity or immigrant status, 18% were inspired by religion on gay marriage
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