What is the major factor that causes an ecological transition to occur following a distubance,
rather than a return to the same climax community?
How do abiotic factors change over the course of primary forest succession
How does ecological efficiency impact food web structure
Is the interaction between wolf and elk and aspen an example of top‐down control or bottom‐ up control? Does it exhibit the characteristic impacts on population abundance at each trophic level?
Did wolf reintroduction in Yellowstone affect grizzly bears? Was it a positive or negative effect (or do you not have enough information to judge)?
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