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2. All of the following are examples of organizational goals except:
B. Social awareness
C. Market share
E. Environmental awareness
Tactical / operational planning is best described as which of the following?
When the owner of a professional sport franchise bids for a franchise in a new league in another sport in another city, this would fall under which of the following?
Provide a foundation for priorities and strategies
Which of the following planning aspects deals with looking ahead?
Goals are considered to do which of the following?
A. Be a source of motivation
B. Determine standards of evaluation
C. Provide direction for action
D. All of the above ********
A Big Ten university’s goal to win the Rose Bowl is an example of which of the following?
Rationality in planning refers to choosing the best alternative to achieve a goal, and not to the goal itself. t/f
Goals often act as a chain of means and ends.t/f
The mission statement of an organization usually contains the operative goals of that organization. t/f
t/f Operational goals designate the ends, while stated goals are official announcements.
t/f The economic model/approach to decision making suggests that satisficing is better than maximizing.
t/f A person following the “administrative person” model of decision making would evaluate all possible alternatives.
Three of several performance criteria to evaluate planning alternatives are (a) __________, (b) __________, and (c) __________.
_____________________ is said to include “those activities that involve defining the organization’s mission, setting its objectives, and developing strategies to enable it to operate successfully in its environment.”
The final step in the planning process is ____________________. This should specify (a) ____________, (b) ______________, (c) _______________.
A plan drawn up for a one-time project (and not likely to be repeated in the near future) is called a ________________________ plan.
When funds are allocated to various specific activities, this is referred to as a ________________________.
Haggerty and Paton (1984) distinguished between two form s of budgeting: ______________________ and ___________________________.
___________________________ are the general purpose of the organization as put forth in the charter, annual reports, public statements by key executives, and other authoritative pronouncements.
Trail and Chelladurai (2000) divide the goals of intercollegiate athletics into (a) __________goals and (b) __________ goals.
Two techniques used by experts in the formulation of forecasts are _______________ and __________________.
The process of __________________ attempts to produce a picture of the kind of future environment in which enterprise plans and activities are likely to be implemented.
__________ is a planned and structured managerial function to identify, create, and share the knowledge to further the organization’s capacity to compete effectively with other organizations.
In which of Mintzberg’s 10 managerial roles is the significance of managers’ decisions much more pronounced?
B. Resource allocator
C. Disturbance handler
E. All of the above
1. All of the following are steps in the decision-making process except:
A. Select the best alternative
B. Generate all possible alternatives
C. Frame the problem
D. Identify opportunities and problems
E. Evaluate all possible alternatives
When the best means are selected to achieve a given end, the decision is said to be which of the following?
1. Which of the following is not part of Vroom’s attributes of decision styles?
A. Group support
B. Team competence
C. Leader’s expertise
D. Decision significance
E. Group support for problems
Which of the following is not considered an advantage of participative decision making?
A. Decisions tend to be more rational
B. Participants develop a sense of ownership
C. It creates a better understanding of the decision
D. It takes a long time to come to a decision
1. All of the following are steps in the administrative person model of decision making except:
A. Define the problem
B. Set decision criteria
C. Generate a few alternatives
D. Set minimally acceptable criteria
E. Evaluate alternatives one at a time
Prospective student–athletes often employ which of the following measures of decision making when choosing a particular college or university to attend?
T or F A decision is said to be rational when the best means are selected to achieve a given end.
T or F The first step in the decision-making process requires the individual to state the problem in unambiguous terms.
T or F According to Vroom, the Group II method of decision making means the leader shares the problem with the group, gains their input, and then makes the decision by him or herself.
__________ is tendency for decision makers to persist with failing courses of action sometimes based on the fact that resources have already been allocated to such a course of action.
A _____________________ decision is one made by applying decision rules in response to recurring situations or problems.
If members will be called upon to implement a marketing strategy, their __________ to the chosen strategy becomes critical.
A decision is said to be __________________ when the best means are selected to achieve a given end.
Simon’s _____________________ model is descriptive in that it describes how managers actually make decisions.
In Simon’s administrative person, the decision maker is prepared to _____________________ rather than maximize.
According to the implicit favorite model of decision making, once the decision maker has identified the implicit favorite, the subsequent processes are said to be geared to _____________________ the favorite choice.
_____________________ is the amount of quality information and knowledge a person has in relation to a problem at hand.
1. Which of the following is a term used when describing “organizing”:
A. Arranging collective effort
B. Division of labor
C. Grouping of tasks
D. Allocating resources
E. All of the above
1. Which of the following principles of organizing seeks to increase the efficiency of individual performances?
B. Span of control
D. Unity of command
E. Responsibility and authority
1. Specialization contributes to efficiency in all of the following ways except:
A. Facilitates the training of workers
B. Increases the skill or ability to perform functions
C. Requires less supervision of employees
D. Eliminates time spent between tasks
Deciding on the number of sports to be supervised by each associate athletic director would fall under which of the following organizing principles?
When a university athletic department decides that all of its athletes must attend study hall for two hours each night regardless of their GPA or scholarship status, which of Weber’s principles of bureaucracy has been adhered to?
When the manager of ticketing operations hires a person primarily because that person is related to a member of the university’s board of governors, which of Weber’s tenets has been violated?
Which of the following is NOT a criticism of bureaucracy?
Emma has made it a policy that her employees make decisions regarding the everyday operations of the fitness club. This process could be described as which of the following?
Performing tasks that are narrow in scope leads to which of the following?
The principle of no one person being in charge of a vast number of subordinates is known as which of the following?
When the athletic director makes the public relations office a unit that is separate from the marketing unit, this is said to be which of the following?
By holding back tickets for friends and relatives, the ticket manager for a university athletic department is violating which of Weber’s tenets?
The term “McDonaldization” is derived from the fast-food industry to do which of the following?
When looking at an organizational chart from left to right, one sees the different departments and the sections within each department. This is known as:
T or F Specialization contributes to efficiency by minimizing the time between tasks.
T or F A well-versed marketing manager leading a sport marketing team for the Super Bowl is an example of span of control.
T or F Division of labor occurs when the positions of an organization are arranged in a hierarchical structure and simple and well-defined tasks are distributed to members as official duties.
T or F Bureaucratic and democratic structures are distinguished based on efficiency and freedom of dissent.
_____________________ defines which positions will exercise power over other positions, and how.
(a) ______________, (b) ________________, and (c) _______________ are all factors that will affect the actual span of control in an organization or unit.
_____________________ refers to the notion that individuals in an organization perform tasks that are narrow in scope.
The way of grouping that is basically a division of an organization according to different products is referred to as ___________________ departmentalization.
Weber’s bureaucratic tenets (or principles) include (a) ______________, (b) ______________, (c) ______________, (d) ______________, and (e) ______________.
Weber emphasized that authority in a bureaucracy resides in a ______________ in the organization and not in the ______________ who occupies it.
______________________ refers to the notion that employees of an organization must deal with clients/customers and/or subordinates/superiors on the same categorical basis without any personal, emotional, or social considerations.
The purpose of a ______________ is to identify commonly agreed social objectives, and the purpose of a ______________ is to achieve those specified objectives.
The general manager/director of player personnel for the Dallas Cowboys would belong to which component of Parsons’ model of organizing?
The golf pro at the local country club would belong to which component of Parsons’ model of organizing?
The NCAA would belong to which component of Parsons’ model of organizing as it relates to a member university?
In Parsons’ view, an organization does not consist of which of the following hierarchical suborganizations?
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