Margaret Mead Amber Hauck Born on December 16, 1901 Margaret was the first baby born in West Park Hospital. Edward Sherwood Mead Full professor of economics at the Wharton School. Believed strongly in the power of education. Margaret benefited from his insights and public speaking skills. Emily Fogg Completed her Master’s and Doctorate while raising a family. Studied Anthropology of Italian immigrants for her thesis. Women’s rights advocate. Martha Ramsay Meade Showed more affection than either of her parents. Was Mrs. Mead’s teacher. Told stories of heroic woman. Four Siblings Richard Called the “Boy Punk”. Katherine Died at 9 months old. Elizabeth Called the “Creative One” Priscilla Dubbed the “Pretty One” Reading and Writing Due to her homeschooling, Mead took great interest in reading and writing. Wrote a diary. Took part in many writing activities throughout high school. Education Graduated high school from Holmquist School in 1918. Spent a terrible freshman year at DePauw University. Transferred to Barnard Received a B.A. from Barnard in 1923 Received her Master’s in 1924 from Columbia University. Samoa The Problem to Investigate Mead wanted to study the difficulties young girls encounter while passing through adolescence. Her Research Conducted her research on the island of Ta’u. Studied 50 – 70 girls between 8 – 20 years old. Conclusion Samoan young women do not suffer the stress felt by young women in the Western world. Simple Samoan culture. More responsibilities when younger. Coming of Age In Samoa Published by William Morrow in 1928. Applying the Lessons to America Choices should not be limited, but ways to deal with these choices should be taught. People should not be destined to act in a predetermined way. New Guinea Studied whether the differences between male and female roles are biological or cultural. Her Research Studied 3 tribes. Arapesh No Gender Division Mundugumor No Gender Division The Tchambuli Opposite Gender Roles Conclusion Gender characteristics vary from culture to culture and are determined by culture. “We are forced to be able to conclude that human nature is almost unbelievably malleable.” Margaret Mead Sex and Temperament Published in 1935 World War II Studied Germany and Japan “from a distance”. Became the director of the Committee on Food Habits of the National Research Council. And Keep Your Powder Dry Hated the Term “Feminist” Believed she completed her own term’s in a man’s world, but in a feminine manner. Woman’s Rights Advocate Divorced 3 Times Never took a man’s last name. Never set her career aside to pursue a family. Wrote many essays encouraging women to pursue equality as women not as persons. Impact on Anthropology Photography Words should no longer be the only tools in anthropology. Culture at a Distance National Character Death When first diagnosed, she did everything she could to keep it a secret. Margaret Mead died of pancreatic cancer on November 15, 1978. “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has.” —Margaret Mead Works Cited Bowman-Kruhm, Mary. Margaret Mead: A Biography. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2003. Calkins, Alexandria E.. "Feminism And Gender Equality in the 1990's." StudyWorld. 2008. Studyworld. 19 Apr 2009. Cassidy, Robert. Margaret Mead: A Voice For The Century. New York: Universe Books, 1982. Flaherty, Tarraugh. "Margaret Mead, 1901-1978." 2009. 19 Apr 2009 . Gabi, Sascha. "America In 1900." America 1900. 1999. PBS. 19 Apr 2009 . Grosskurth, Phyllis. Margaret Mead: A Life of Controversy. London: Penguin, 1988. Lutkehaus, Nancy C. Margaret Mead: The Making of an American Icon. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008. Mead, Margaret. “Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies.” M. Kimmel, ed. The Gendered Bead. (1935) 1-6. Web. 19 Apr 2009. . Mead, Margaret. "Visual Anthropoloy in a Discipline of Words." Principles of Visual Anthropology (2003) 5-10. Web. 19 Apr 2009. . Sanday, Peggy Reves. "Margaret Mead's View of Sex Roles in Her Own and Other Societies." American Anthropologist Vol. 82.Jun. 1980 340-248. Web.19 Apr 2009. .