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Bee H.

Addition & Subtraction Relationship

It is an inverse relationship

Algorithm

a set of rules for solving a problem in a finite number of steps

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Arithmetic

Basic operations in mathematics

- Addition
- Subtraction
- Multiplication
- Division

Attribute

A characteristic to describe and object usually within a pattern. Usually refers to shape, size, or color

Base 10

Numbering system in common use, in which each place to the left or right represents a power of 10.

Calculators

Small machine used for mathematical calculation

Classifying

Arrange or organize according to class or category

Comparing

Determining between 2 numbers which is greater, smaller, or equal

Composite Number

Has at least one other factor beside one and its self

Constructive Teaching

Learning builds upon knowledge students know. Teacher avoids most direct instructions and attempts to lead students through questions and activities.

Coordinate Geometry

Numbers that identify a point on a line, plane, or in space. Includes:

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Counting

Finding the number of elements of a finite set of objects

Decimals, Fractions, Percents

Different ways of showing the same value.

Equations

Expressions written with an equal sign in between the two entities on either side are equal to each other. Examples:

Expanded Notation

The number written in terms of digits multiplied by their columns

Factors

A number may be made by multiplying two or more other numbers together. The numbers multiplied are the factors.

Geometric Concepts

Segments and Angles

Graphing

To plot or trace on a graph

Heuristic

Experience-based techniques for problem solving, learning, and discovery

Informal Geometry

Standards-based, geometry which meets states criteria

Logic

Study of principles of valid inferences and correct reasoning

Manipulative

Concrete objects used to teach mathematics.

Mathematics

Study of quantity, space, structure, and change.

Measurement

The process or the result of determining the magnitude of a quantity, such as:

Metric Units

Multiplication & Division Relationship

Like addition and subtraction, It is an inverse relationship

Number Concepts

Reciting

Number Patterns

A list of numbers that follow a certain sequence.

Number Theory

Study of the properties of whole numbers

Numeration Systems

Writing system for expressing numbers

Odd & Even

Number that can be divided evenly by 2 and numbers that cant be divided evenly by 2

Operation

An action or procedure in which a new value from one or more input values

Place Value

The value of where the digit in the number.

Polya’s Problem Solving Process

Four Principles:

- Understand the problem (recognizing what is being asked for)
- Devise a plan (Responding to what is asked for)
- Carry out the plan (Developing the result of the response)
- Look back (Checking! What does the result tell me?)

Primes

Can only be divided evenly by one and itself

Probability

The chance that a particular event (or set of events) will occur

Problem Solving

Mental process that involves discovering, analyzing, and solving problems

Ratio & Proportion

A comparison between two different things. And ________ are built from ratios

Rational Counting

One and only one number name is assigned to each object in a group, and the last number name is understood to name the quantity of the group.

Rational Numbers

Number that can be written as a simple fraction.

Remainders

The amount “left over” after the division of two integers which cannot be expressed with an integer quotients

Rubrics

Assessment tool used to measure students’ work

Sets

Finite or infinite collection of objects in which order has no significance

Statistics

Study of collection, organization, and interpretation of data

Story Problems

Word Problems

Visual-Spatial

- Thinks primarily in pictures
- Learns concepts all at once
- Learns complex concepts easily; struggles with easy skills
- Better at math reasoning than computation
- Develops own methods of problem solving

Whole Numbers

A number without fractions, an integer

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