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Which editing process will produce the final edit master?
Know which shooting practices will aid postproduction editing. This question deals with how you record each scene or shot.
write down time code and knowing which one is good and which is bad
When two people are talking to each other, where is the vector line?
How is a continuing graphic vector indicated in subsequent shots?
mark the horizon line in the first shit with a piece of tape on the viewfinder, then align all subsequent shots according to the tape.
What situations create converging index vectors?
when two people or objects are facing each other.
What situations create diverging motion vectors?
when two people or objects are not facing each other or are back to back.
What are the four editing functions?
combining, condensing, correction, building.
What is the “event context” and how does it relate to our perception of successive z-axis vectors as continuing or converging?
What is a jump cut?
an image that jumps slightly from one screen position to another during a cut.
What is complexity editing?
to intensify an event
What happens when cutting between two cameras placed on opposite sides of the motion vector line?
the object will be reversed
What is a collision montage? You’ll be asked to identify a shot sequence that describes a collision montage.
two or more separate event images that, when shown together, combine into a larger and more intense whole images.
Know what the important factors that must be considered when designing a TV studio.
What monitors are needed in the studio control room?
preview, line, air, camera preview (for each one), VRs (for each one), CG, electronic still store system, special effects, and remote.
What video do studio monitors normally show?
Where in the control room should the production switcher be located?
Why is a good intercom system important?
allows communication to be constant and clear
Ideally, who controls the speaker volume in the studio control room?
Which intercom system uses loudspeakers located in the studio?
the SA (studio address system)
Which equipment should be present in a normal audio control booth?
preview and a line monitor, a marked script or show format, an audio console, a patchy, a computer, and various digital recording and playback devices.
What distinguishes hand properties from set dressings?
they are items actually handled by the talent.
What is a cyclorama?
a curved blue or white curtain to represent the sky or background.
What is the advantage of a fairly light, neutral-colored cyc?
allows you to tint with colored lights and is good for a neutral background.
What type of field production are you engaged in if you and a reporter are covering a breaking story such as an unexpected demonstration?
ENG (Electronic News Gathering)
Know the equipment that is necessary for EFP and ENG production.
ENG- you need equipment at any time. you need your camera, audio, and most news operations use a van with recording transmission equipment to relay the video and audio signals back to the station.
EFT- uses much of the same equipment as ENG but is carefully planned much like a studio production. There are various tasks that need to be carried out in the preproductions, production, and postproduction phases.
Which equipment will transmit an ENG signal to a satellite?
the uplink truck
Why is it advantageous to survey an outdoor location at the approximate time at which the remote telecast is scheduled?
location of the sun which determines where the camera should be.
What is your main concern when shooting an outdoor segment requiring complicated takes against a cloudy sky?
that the clouds may move and interfere with shot continuity
Who is a contact person?
someone who is familiar with and can facilitate access to the remote location and key people.
What piece of equipment will you need in the truck if you plan to frequently identify the name and statistics of players for a big sports remote?
CG (character generator)
Know the equipment needed to ensure optimal technical performance of cameras used on a big remote.
All big remotes use high quality field cameras and EFP cameras, which are normally connected to the remote truck by cable. The remote truck represents a compact studio control and equipment room. It contains an image control center with preview and line monitors, a switcher and special effects, character generator, intercom system, audio control center, digital audio recording and playback equipment, monitor speakers, intercom, video recording center that has VRs, tech center with CCUs, tech setup equipment and patch bays for camera, audio, intercom, and light cables.
What production element needs particular attention if you have talent performing in a virtual (computer-generated) set?
you need to pay attention to the lighting so that the shadows of the synthetic environment correspond to the ones in the actual scene.
What is the major difference between ENG and EFP?
They are very similar but in EFP it is carefully planned out much like a studio production and in ENG there is no time for preproduction because you are recording unplanned events like breaking news.
How should a television performer visualize the audience?
Always imagine that you are looking at and talking with someone you know, seated a comfortably short distance from you. (familiarize yourself with some production aspects of performer and camera, audio and lighting, and timing and prompting.)
Unless told otherwise, which opening cue should the talent follow?
The floor manager
To what degree should a newscaster maintain eye contact with the camera?
look through the camera lens…when pretending to look through the lens, rather than simply at it, it will look like you're looking at your viewers.
What is the main problem when the camera-mounted teleprompter is positioned too close to the talent?
The camera should be far enough away that the viewers dont see your eyes moving back and forth while reading.
What should you, as talent, do when you discover during a multicamera production that you are looking into the wrong camera?
if you discover that you are talking to the wrong camera, look down as if to collect your thoughts, then look up into the on-the-air camera. (simply pretend that you are the consulting your notes while changing your view from the wrong camera to the correct one.)
What is the best way to set an audio level before a production begins?
say your opening remarks at the volume you will use when on the air.
How should you show on-camera small items displayed on a table?
when demonstrating small objects, keep them as steady as possible in one position. (displayed on a table)
How will you know, as talent, that the camera can see you in a scene that is covered by over-the-shoulder shots?
you can tell whether the camera sees you simply by looking for the camera lens. If you can see the lens.
Know the floor manager cues.
Why is it important for the director to know the program objective before making any directing decisions?
you must know the desired effect on the viewer so you know what medium requirements you need to use to achieve the process message with your audience.
Who is responsible for coming up with the program angle if it isn’t provided by writers or producers?
What is the correct placement of the audio and video columns in a two-column A/V script?
in a two-column A/V script the left column all of the video information and the right column contains all of the audio information.
What is visualization?
creating a mental image of a sh0t or sequence of shots. (visualizing the scenes)
How should you, the director, proceed when according to the time line you should be doing “notes” but you still haven’t finished the rehearsal?
move on to the next activity according to the timeline, even if you are not done with the current activity. Most of the time, there will be time after every activity is completed to come back and finish.
Know the correct cues for the beginning of a simple interview show.
similar to what we have been saying while practicing directing in class (standby; ready to record; take record; “speed”, etc..
What is important when marking a script?
keep it consistent and to a minimum. don't make ready cues…a circled number will imply ready C2, take C2.
When directing a show, how should you refer to talent and crew operators?
refer to talent by name (cue Susan) but refer to crew by title (camera 2, floor director, announcer, ect.)
the control room
What is the standard setup for a single-camera field interview? (
the interview (host) sits opposite of the interviewee (guest). The camera is placed next to the host, pointed at the guest.
The five items to remember when posting a photo to your blog.
edit a copy of the photo—never the original
crop the photo: few, if any, photos are perfectly composed when the camera makes the image. Use the program’s cropping tool to omit necessary information in the photograph. Cropping a photo should answer this question: whats the most important information in the photo?
Resize the picture
modify the resolution: computer monitors, as we discussed earlier, display images at 72 ppi, so reduce the resolution of any image you publish online. This significantly reduces the file size, which means it will load faster.
tone and color correct the picture: most photo-editing software can quickly improve the image quality of a photograph by automatically adjusting the tone, contrast, brightness, and other features. Because it’s so simple, theres no reason to skip this step
save a web version: because photos displayed on computers need to be only 72 ppi, and because people dont like to wait for long downloads, its important to compress your images, squeezing out unnecessary data that wont be used by a web browser anyway. the goal is to reduce the file size as much as possible without lowering the quality of the photo.
keep it simple: if all you need is to crop or resize a photo, try one of the online services such as Pixlr or FotoFlexer. it takes only a few moments to upload a photo and crop it down to the part you really need.
Know the six items to remember when building a good audio slide show.
limit the slide show to two to three minutes in length
use the right amount of photos: too many photos crammed into one slide show usually means each photo appears for only a second or two, barely enough time for viewers to take each one in.
match the photos to the audio: if the subject is discussing a cat, don't show a duck. whenever possible, include a photo of the speaker at the beginning of the talk so the viewer knows who is speaking.
use captions: write a clear and concise caption for each photo, including the people, places or things being shown and the photographers name; this takes the guesswork out of a slideshow
avoid awkward transitions: soundslides and some other slideshow editors allow the user to adjust the length of time each slide is on the screen. If the slide show has no narration, tweak each slide to fade in or out during natural pauses and breaks to lessen the chance of awkward transitions.
avoid using overpowering music: many slide-show editors add royalty-free music to their projects to support the narration and heighten the drama. If they forget to adjust audio levels, however, the music may drown out the narrator or interviewee.
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