Patterns of behaviors, thoughts, or emotions considered pathological (diseased or disordered) for one or more of four reasons: deviance, dysfunction, distress, or danger
Examples of deviance, dysfunction, distress, and danger
Deviance: believing others are plotting against you; this is an example of behavior, thoughts, or emotions that may be considered deviant and abnormal from a society and culture's norms or values. Dysfunction: behaviors, thoughts or emotions that interfere with daily functioning Distress: eg: thoughts of suicide; behaviors, thoughts or emotions that cause significant personal distress Danger: Behavior, thoughts, or emotions that could cause harm to others...like fighting with someone because you have borderline disorder.
Perspective that assumes diseases (including mental illness) have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and possibly cured
Branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders based on the medical model.
DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders)
Classification system developed by the Aerican Psychiatric Association used to describe abnormal behaviors; the "IV-TR" indicates it is the text revision of the fourth major revision. The most recent version is the DSM-IV-TR.
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