Last Modified: 2012-04-15
found in soil, water and plant and animal tissue.
Opportunistic pathogen. Circular Chromosome and two plamids. Aerobic rod-shaped bacteria. Secrete extracellular proteases and adhere and invade host tissues. Produce pyocyanin- blue-green pigment. Responsible for the spoilage of milk!
Facultative anaerobic, oxidase-positive, glucose-fermenting, non-lactose-fermenting, Gram-negative bacillus. Reporter strain in quorum sensing. Abundantly present in soil and water in the tropical and subtropical regions.
Gram-negative chemolithoautroph with the shape of bacillus. nitrite oxidizing bacteria that lives in places rich in ammonia and inorganic salt, such as soil, sewage, freshwater, the walls of buildings and on the surface of monuments. Capable of degrading a variety of halogenated organic compounds.
gram-negative coccus. Found interacellulary in polymorphonuclear leukocytes, or a specific category of white blood cells with varying shapes of nuclei, of the gonorrhea pustular exudates with humans as its only natural host. Cause of the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea
comma shaped gram-negative, anaerobic bacteria that are found below the surface and are one of the predominant metal-reducing bacteria. acetyl co-enzyme A pathway. involved in carbon cycling, can precipitate soluble metals, and has the ability to generate electricity.
Gram-negative, spore-forming, chemoorganotrophic, obligate aerobes. Inhabit topsoil, mainly in the pH range from 5 to 8, although they can also be found at extreme pHs.
Small, highly motile, Gram-negative and vibrio-shaped. Soil, sewage, and other terrestial and aquatic habitats. biphasic life-cycle. burrows itself into the periplasm of the prey cell and begins to degrade the prey cell from the inside out.
Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium, facultative anaerobe. Soil is the main habitat of aerobic, endospore-forming bacilli. Causes the anthrax disease
Gram-positive, rod-shaped, and anaerobic. inhabit the gut of a wide range of organisms, including humans, pigs, chickens and mice. produces reuterin, an antimicrobial that inhibits growth of harmful bacteria, fungi, and protozoa.
gram-positive bacteria that usually forms in spherical pairs or tetrads. Radiation resistant properties.
rod-shaped, aerobic, gram-negative, thermophilic or hyperthermophilic, growing best around 80°C. typically grow in low salinity volcanic or high-temperature habitats such as shallow or deep-sea marine systems and continental oil fields.
anaerobic phototrophic bacterium that is also a thermophile. gram-negative nonmotile rods. photooxidize reduced sulfur compounds. chlorosomes.
halophilic, extremophile with very high salt concentrations. gram-negative, rod-shaped, single-celled, motile microorganism that can live with only light as an energy source due to its retinal protein bacteriorhodopsin
halophile which exists in extreme saline environments, Dead Sea, the Great Salt Lake, and oceanic environments with high NaCl concentrates. Reproduction occurs asexually by binary fission.
methanogenic Euryarchaeote dominant archaeon in the human gut ecosystem. affects specificity and efficiency of bacterial digestion of dietary polysaccharides. affects specificity and efficiency of bacterial digestion of dietary polysaccharides,
very important to the waste treatment and bioenergy industries because it can break down organic wastes and produces methane in the process. fastidious anaerobe
only genus of the Methanosarcinaceae family. organism in which the 22nd amino acid, pyrrolysine, was discovered. large and spherical and produce a positive Gram stain. an anaerobe has been isolated from mud samples in lakes and bogs and sewage samples.
thermophile, acidophilia. found in hot springs, as well as solfataric fields.
smallest archaeal genome to date. Coccus, S-layer, hyperthermophilic. Found in hydrothermal areas
Coccus, hyperthermophile living in deep sea hydrothermal vents. obligate lithoautotroph. iron-motivated respiration
smallest and simplest fungi. feed on both living and decaying organisms. They are heterotrophic. inhabit freshwater ecosystems.
opportunistic yeast. causes yeast infection and thrush.
used to create antibiotics such as penicillin. osmotolerant, heterotrophic, begin reproduction easily when hyphae emerge into a gas phase. post-harvest pathogens.
unicellular, heterotrophic organisms that feed on bacteria. granulomatous amebic encephalitis (GAE) in mammals.
Causes gastritis and gastric cancers. Gram-negative, highly motile, spiral bacterium. Colonizes the non-acid secreting mucosa of the stomach and upper intestines. AKA camphalobacter pyloris. Antibodies are present but don't prevent colonization
Aerobic, gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria. Found in animal feces, lower intestines, and edge of hotsprings. Causes severe illness: intestinal and extra intestinal infections. Live in our body and breakdown the food and assist in waste processing, Vit K production and food absorption.
Spherical shaped, gram-positive, immobile. Form grape-like clusters and divide in two planes. Yellow, anaerobes - grow by aerobic respiration or fermentation. inhabitant of skin and mucous membranes. Causes staph infection. mild skin irritation, toxin medicated disease
AKA Methanothermobacter thermoautotrophicus. anaerobic and lithotrophic. Requires only CO2, H2 and salts for growth. Rod-shaped and gram-positive. Isolated from municipal waste treatment plants. representative of the methanogens that inhabit biodegrading facilites.
Gram-negative, helical, magnetotactic, microaerophilic. Magnetotactic bacteria, mobility dependent on magnetic characteristics of the environment. Synthesizes high quality magnetite crystals. Freshwater, denitrifying, chemoheterotroph. Contains magnetosomes for mobility. Divides by binary fission (gives rise to two daughter cells)
rod-shaped, gram-positive. Found in soil and vegetation & mesophilic temp regions. stress-resistant endospores, uptake external DNA, alternative sigma factor. One DNA molecule. Butanediol fermentation, hydrolyze triglycerides. Swarm in rafts using flagella of solid surfaces
Gram-negative, aerobic, rods with rounded ends for gliding. Found in soil and freshwater habitats. Causes disease in fish. FAST!
Gram-negative, rod-shaped, stalk and flagellum. Found in freshwater, soil, and sea water. Produces one swimming cell and one sessile cell. s-layer. Significant role in carbon cycle.
Gram-positive cocci found in human skin, water, dust, and soil, animal and dairy products, and beer. strict aerobes and can generally reduce nitrate. Produce yellow colonies. on human skin breaks down compounds in sweat into compounds with bad odor. Causes skin infections on those with compromised immune systems
Gram-positive, beta-hemolytic. Flesh eating bacters. Protein F-fibronectin binding protein that allows it to adhere to respiratory epithelial cells. In protein- resists phagocytosis. mild to severe, such as fever, severe pain, dizziness, and red rash at wound site.
Cocci, hyperthermophilic extremophile, obligate anerobe. Found in deep sea vents.
gram-negative. Lives in oceans. Anaerobic and has flagella. Bioluminescence
Vesicle in the shape of a circle, with filamentous extensions growing out from it. homothallic.
gram-positive, cocci, alpha hemolytic, non-motile, sometimes have pili. Found in upper respiratory tract. Singular circular chromosome. known to cause bacteremia, otitis media, and meningitis in humans, though it is best known for causing pneumonia.
rod-shaped, gram-negative. Iron oxidase. Obligate autotrophic, acidophilic. Oxidize iron with sulfur with oxygen
Iron oxidizing chemolithotroph. Lack peptidogycan. Kidney-shaped
anaerobically oxidize ammonia to N2. autotroph, spherical Has compartmentalized cytoplasm
rod-shaped, gram-negative, hyperthermophilic, chemolithotrophic. Water as a product
rod-shaped, aerobic oxidation. Causes Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF). Ticks are the vectors.
gram-negative, rod-shaped. Nitrogen fixing. Symbiotic relationship with glycine max. Makes nitrogen useable for soybean plants
rod-shaped, use methanol and methylamine. methylotroph, non-motile, obligate anaerobe.
rod-shaped. cause systematic illness and typhoid fever. Common on raw egg shells, in poultry & red meat. Contaminates water
globular shaped, yellow-green yeast. Found on plants, insects, warm blooded animals. Converts sugar into alcohol. Leavening agent for bread (releases gas) linear chromosomes
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