Spread social dances, invented the fox-trot, media figures, dance teachers
James Reese Europe
Black musician and bandleader. 1913 - Europe Society Orchestra - 1st black group to sign a record deal. Played for the Castles. The Hell Fighters Band - WWI "Castle House Rag" ***
James Reese Europe ragtime, syncopated, early 1910 - 1920 Dance music
Don Azpiazu and His Havana Casino Orchestra (1930) Rise of crazes for Latin American dance music clave syncopation
"The Jazz Singer" ***
1927 - Al Jolson
What makes jazz different...
Improvisation Emphasis on brass section Extensive fan base after WWI it really began to get popular
New Orleans/Dixieland Jazz
Earliest type of jazz Emerged in early 1900s First record in 1917
The Original Dixieland Jazz Band
Led by Nick LeRocca "Tiger Rag"
Stephen Foster Irish Sentimental Style AABA
Recorded 1918 Nick LaRocca and the Original Dixieland Jazz Band
New Orleans Style Jazz
reminds me of clowns....kinda kazooish
"King of Jazz" 1890-1967 Led the Ambassador Orchestra - Arrangement over improv "Whispering" 1920 - #1 for 11 weeks
1880-1930 Animal Acts, Burlesque, Comedy Influenced by Minstrelsy/Euro plays Influenced today's variety shows
1886-1950 Russian Jewish Immigrant Vaudeville, blackface, jazz Most popular performer in "pre-microphone" era "The Jazz Singer" 1927 "April SHowers"
TPA & Broadway
Mutually beneficial relationship Shift from shows centered around music to plot driven Show Boat (1927) Oklahoma! (1943)
Early "crooner", softer more intimate vocal style after invention of the electric microphone
1927 Best Selling Record of the Era Use of cello "high class instrument" Gene Austin
Born Isreal Baline : Russian Jewish Immigrant Prolific Composer 1920-1960s Wrote an average of 3-7 songs a week "Blue Skies" in Jazz Singer "White Christmas" "How Deep is the Ocean"
Al Jolson 1921 and 1932 Slow sentimental ballad
Composed concert + popular music Worked w/ Paul Whiteman composing Rhapsody in Blue Incorporated element of African American music into his works Porgy & Bess (1935) folk opera "Summertimes" example of a standard
Bing Crosby - talented crooner, recorded 1932 TPA style Written by Irving Berlin
Rises 1920s-1940s Term coined by Ralph Peer Music Production designed for blacks, usually blues
The first singer labeled as "race records" Singer, Vaudeville performer, promoted bues, jazz, gospel "Crazy Blues" 1920
George Gershwin AABA, uptempo, syncopation
12 bar blues pattern, pentonic scale WC Handy discovered the style around 1905
"Father of the Blues" 1873- 1958 Educated, middle class, black First sheet music hit was "Memphis Blues" 1912 Biggest hit was "St. Louis Blues" 1923
One of the greatest blues singers of all time "Empress of the Blues" Sang "St. Louis Blues" 1923
Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong
Profoundly influenced development of mainstream popular singing between 1920s and 1930s Best known black musician in the world by 1930s 55 singles in the top 20 *** St. Louis Bues
Country Blues Early pioneer of the delta blues style "Tom Rushen Blues" (1929)
Tom Rushen Blues
12 bar blues form AAB form About a jailhouse escapade
Blind Lemon Jefferson
First country blues star Traveling Blues Performer East Texas style, african american, denied share of profits "That Black Snake Moan" 1926
"That Black Snake Moan"
Blind Lemon Jefferson Suggestive Metaphor...haha. Country Blues
Legend. One of the most influential country blues artists of all time. Mythology of life.. sold hhis sould to devil for his ability to play guitar Only 11 records released. Huge influence on rock and roll music, Died at 27 1911-1938 "Cross Road Blues"
"Cross Road Blues"
1936 Robert Johnson, African American Mississippi Delta Blues
Commercial designation for early country music Rural, poor, southern whites Simplistic values, family, God Early 1920s
Fiddlin' John Carson
1st commercially successful country artist 1923: recordings made by Okeh records, led by talent scout Raiph Peer
Texan light opera singer, recorded 1st country music hits "The Prisoner's SOng" 1924
Pioneers of Country
2 archetypes developedThe Carter Family - the family Jimmie Rodgers - the outlaw
The Carter Family
"Gospel Ship" 1935 gospel music bridged gap between popular and spiritual music. Comparable to... "Sun didn't Shine" Golden Gate Quartet - amazingness. African American group
"Blue Yodel No. 1" 1929 influence of blues
Swing Fever from 1935-1945 Huge impact on youth culture Originated in Dixieland Jazz, blues, orchestral dance music Highly syncopated
1897-1952 Early swingband leader "Wrappin' it Up" ***
1909-1986 Led most famous band of the era, clarinetist Career boosted by John Hammond, went to Carnegie Hall *** KNOW THIS***"Taking a Chance on Love" 1940 Arranged by Fletcher Henderson, swing version of AABA
Kansas City, Missouri Pianist/bandleader, African American ** "One o'clock Jump" - Count Basie Orchestra 1937 12 Bar Blues FOrm
Edward Kennedy aka "Duke" Ellington
One of the most influential American composers of all time, African American Cotton Club in Harlem, NY (1927-1931) Growling sound of muted trumpet "The New East St. Louis Toodle-o" Duke Ellington and hus Famous Orchestra (1937)
Trombonist, band leader 1939-1942: most popular dance band in the world Peppy, clean sounding style ***"In the Mood" 1931*** Best known recording of the swing era 12 bar blues w/ bridge, famous improvised trumpet solo
combined crooning with bel canto "Nancy with the Laughing Face" 1945
Nat King Cole
"Nature Boy" 1948 most successful black recording artist of this period
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