- University of Washington - Seattle Campus
- Music 162
- Midterm 1
Last Modified: 2011-07-20
2. Latin American
3. African American
European song, usually consisting of historical/tragic matter.
- Strophic form: series of verses with same melody, w or w/o chorus.
- Stephen Foster- first us songwriter, wrote lots of ballads.
- First full time US songwriter.
- Influenced by minstrel songs and ballads, sentimental style
- AABA form typically
- "Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair" ***
- Publishing center on NYC on 28th street
- Eastern Euro Jewish Immigrants
- "Song pluggers"
- Born poor in NY
- "Jump Jim Crow" - international hit 1829, "Zip Coon"
- Father of Minstrelsy
Originated in Irish/British Tradition
Thomas Dartmouth Rice - 1829
Depicts urban Northern Blacks
Thomas Dartmouth Rice - 1820s/30sish
US's first big band supergroup.
"Stars and Stripes Forever"
Most well known ragtime composer for piano works.
"Maple Leaf Rag" 1890
Sectional form: AABBACCDD
Animal dances - bunny hug, turkey trot, fox-trot
1913 - Europe Society Orchestra - 1st black group to sign a record deal.
Played for the Castles.
The Hell Fighters Band - WWI
"Castle House Rag" ***
ragtime, syncopated, early 1910 - 1920
Rise of crazes for Latin American dance music
Emphasis on brass section
Extensive fan base
after WWI it really began to get popular
Emerged in early 1900s
First record in 1917
Irish Sentimental Style
Nick LaRocca and the Original Dixieland Jazz Band
New Orleans Style Jazz
reminds me of clowns....kinda kazooish
Led the Ambassador Orchestra - Arrangement over improv
"Whispering" 1920 - #1 for 11 weeks
Animal Acts, Burlesque, Comedy
Influenced by Minstrelsy/Euro plays
Influenced today's variety shows
Russian Jewish Immigrant
Vaudeville, blackface, jazz
Most popular performer in "pre-microphone" era
"The Jazz Singer" 1927
Shift from shows centered around music to plot driven
Show Boat (1927)
Best Selling Record of the Era
Use of cello "high class instrument"
Prolific Composer 1920-1960s
Wrote an average of 3-7 songs a week
"Blue Skies" in Jazz Singer
"How Deep is the Ocean"
1921 and 1932
Slow sentimental ballad
Worked w/ Paul Whiteman composing Rhapsody in Blue
Incorporated element of African American music into his works
Porgy & Bess (1935) folk opera
"Summertimes" example of a standard
Written by Irving Berlin
Term coined by Ralph Peer
Music Production designed for blacks, usually blues
Singer, Vaudeville performer, promoted bues, jazz, gospel
"Crazy Blues" 1920
AABA, uptempo, syncopation
WC Handy discovered the style around 1905
Educated, middle class, black
First sheet music hit was "Memphis Blues" 1912
Biggest hit was "St. Louis Blues" 1923
"Empress of the Blues"
Sang "St. Louis Blues" 1923
Best known black musician in the world by 1930s
55 singles in the top 20
*** St. Louis Bues
Early pioneer of the delta blues style
"Tom Rushen Blues" (1929)
About a jailhouse escapade
Traveling Blues Performer
East Texas style, african american, denied share of profits
"That Black Snake Moan" 1926
Mythology of life.. sold hhis sould to devil for his ability to play guitar
Only 11 records released. Huge influence on rock and roll music, Died at 27 1911-1938
"Cross Road Blues"
Robert Johnson, African American
Mississippi Delta Blues
Rural, poor, southern whites
Simplistic values, family, God
1923: recordings made by Okeh records, led by talent scout Raiph Peer
"The Prisoner's SOng" 1924
2 archetypes developedThe Carter Family - the family
Jimmie Rodgers - the outlaw
gospel music bridged gap between popular and spiritual music. Comparable to...
"Sun didn't Shine" Golden Gate Quartet - amazingness. African American group
influence of blues
Huge impact on youth culture
Originated in Dixieland Jazz, blues, orchestral dance music
Early swingband leader
"Wrappin' it Up" ***
Led most famous band of the era, clarinetist
Career boosted by John Hammond, went to Carnegie Hall
*** KNOW THIS***"Taking a Chance on Love" 1940
Arranged by Fletcher Henderson, swing version of AABA
** "One o'clock Jump" - Count Basie Orchestra 1937
12 Bar Blues FOrm
Cotton Club in Harlem, NY (1927-1931)
Growling sound of muted trumpet
"The New East St. Louis Toodle-o" Duke Ellington and hus Famous Orchestra (1937)
1939-1942: most popular dance band in the world
Peppy, clean sounding style
***"In the Mood" 1931***
Best known recording of the swing era
12 bar blues w/ bridge, famous improvised trumpet solo
"Nancy with the Laughing Face" 1945
most successful black recording artist of this period
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