People thought building was on fire, but just power of God
JS renames Kirtland "Shinehah" (Hebrew for "the glory of God returns")
April 3, 1836
Christ appears and accepts the Kirtland Temple
Keys restored in temple by:
Moses - GATHERING
Elias - DISPENSATION OF ABRAHAM
Elijah - SEALING POWERS
October 27, 1838
Governor Boggs signs the Extermination Order (becomes law)
Oct 31, 1838
Joseph, Sidney, ++ taken prisoner -to be executed Nov 1, 1838
October 30, 1838
Haun's Mill Massacre
March 24, 1832
Joseph and Sidney are tarred and feathered
Four Missionaries to Lamanites
Parley P. Pratt
Peter Whitmer Jr.
Senior Companion (1 of 4 missionaries sent west)
when testifies "the earth shook under his feet"
loses his membership in Far West
Parley P. Pratt
new convert, didn't know much about the church but very enthusiastic
'never got his baptismal clothes dry'
Sent on mission to Canada (told wife will bear a son)- baptizes John Taylor
-When he leaves he tells him "if anyone ever says JS is a fallen prophet -- NOT TRUE!"
-Returns to Kirtland, hears about the KSS, loses faith, John comes and gets him back on track
Peter Whitmer Jr.
concerned about money on the mission
tailor by trade
lived w Boggs for awhile (made him a suit)
knew BOM was word of God
made clothes for people for money to earn money while they were teaching
Made suit for Alexander Doniphan
leaves church in MO
fights against members
moves to CA, becomes Sheriff, first to hang someone - Hangtown, USA
- lived in Kirtland, minister to P.P. Pratt (had lived with him) taught 17 congregations, after read Book of Mormon was converted and 120+ were baptized
- Sidney and Joseph are tarred and feathered -- suffers 'fits' due to head trauma
- Gives the "Salt Sermon" (lost savor, throw out -- ppl)
- 1 of 9 men captured in Caldwell
-Sidney with Joseph until court at Liberty Jail
Newel K Whitney
-bishop in Far West
-owned first bishop’s storehouse
-Owned a general store, JS and Emma lived on 2nd floor
-J.S. first to arrive in Kirtland, sees him, says “Newel, thou art the man. I’m Joseph the Prophet. You prayed me here, now what do you want?”
-Judge in the case of Thomas B. Marsh’s wife
-JS writes letter while in Liberty --- D&C 121-23
lived in Hiram, OH. -came with wife Elsa, and Ezra Booth looking for someone to heal her arm, Joseph does it and all baptized
JS, Emma, and Sidney lived at his farmhouse while they translated the Bible there
Faithful for 7-8 years (falls b/c of KSS)
known as Father John Johnson
Methodist minister, baptized with Johnsons.
Thinks he should be able to heal all and be like Moses, cross streams on dry ground.
becomes 1st apostate and publishes anti-Mormon literature. “why I was deceived by mormonism.”
Shared the gospel with Symonds Ryder.
baptized but then apostatizes after J.S. spells his name with an “i” instead of “y” on his mission call
lives across from Johnson farm, best off in town financially.
organizes mob to meet at midnight to kill Joseph after Mormons start squatting on front lawn and rumor of temple
Joseph, Rigdon and Ryder debate back and forth in the newspaper
Louisa and Thaddeus Smith
twins of Emma and Joseph; live only a few hours
converted by 4 missionaries in Kirtland
1st bishop in Far West (aka Zion)
mother of twins, dies giving birth at same time Emma’s twins die
Joseph Smith Murdock Smith
one of Murdock baby twins adopted by Smiths
died as a result of draft that happened when Joseph and Sidney tarred and feathered
first martry of the church
Julia Murdock Smith
other Murdock twin, oldest of the Smith’s children, lived into adulthood
handsome lawyer, theatrical, defends alleged criminals/victims of injustice
lives in Clay County
defends Mormons when ppl try to force them out of Liberty (Clay County) - creates Caldwell
has emotional malady where really energetic to defend a case but when he’s done he goes to bed and stays in bed until hears of another injustice
Serves in The militia under General Lucas. Rides to contest the murder of the saints.
Defends Joseph in Liberty/Richmond etc - sends bill for $5000 (story)
Theodore Turley and Edward Rushton
asked J.S. about civil war prophesy, wrote it and published claims under White Horse Prophesies. Bogus prophesies include:
all banks will fail except Utah
streets of Utah will be paved in gold
war to end all wars will begin in Turkey
constitution of U.S. will hang by a silken fiber and only saved by the elders of the church (only one said to be true by Ezra Taft Benson)
not a yellow dog wagging its tail will be found in Independence
Lilburn W. Boggs
Governor of Missouri
issues Extermination Order
eventually moves to California
general who captured J.S. and 9 others outside Far West
Scared of Alexander Doniphan
Home town Independence. Joseph’s talk on suffering ruined his political standing
Returned from the militia and was a clerk in a courtroom
name of the judge during the trial of the 9 prisoners in Liberty, he was the judge at the hearing in Richmond- and decided who was dangerous and who wasn't and then sent them to liberty jail. Declares the Bible treasonous. Later elected Governor of Missouri
not allowed to have temple work done for him
formed "Big Brothers"/"The Fan", AKA "The Danites", after hearing Rigdon’s salt sermon.
lies in court (Richmond, MO) and says JS head of group, plans meetings etc etc etc
Book of Daniel, Nebakanezer's dream, stone rolling
secret night meetings - secret password+handshake
would hold second court against individual
did not believe that Christ' Atonement did covered all sins
adultry, murder, denial of Holy Ghost
individual had to be knifed, to shed their own blood for their sins
General of Caldwell County Militia (Far West)
Works out deal with Samuel Lucas - betrays Joseph Smith
Given new name -- Judas Iscariot Hinkcle
Takes down wall, confident they won't be destroyed --- WRONG!
Ordered by Boggs to exterminate Mormons
Destroys Far West
Demands the 9 prisoners from General Lucas
Amanda Barnes Smith
she runs from Hans Mill and then comes back to the disaster – her husband and son are dead – her other son has his hip blown off – she sees in vision how to heal him with mud and straw – the militia tell her to leave but she will not without her son
Jane Elizabeth Manning
African American woman working as a servant (in Connecticut)
Accepts the gospel and shares it with her family and they walk 800 mi to join Saints in Nauvoo - lived with Joseph and Emma - "Aunt Jane"
“Outlives” 4 presidents of the church trying to receive endowments
Sis. Black did her endowments!
Thomas B. Marsh
original Pres of 12 (oldest)
Orson Hyde's BFF
Wife Elizabeth & Lucy have fight over milk, Elizabeth accuses Lucy of cheating her, Marsh takes all the way to 1st Pres told again it was his wife
Write Affidavit (countersigned by Orson Hyde) to Gov Boggs
Moves all over MidWest, Divorced, Gets Palsy
Excommunicated - 18 yrs later re baptized (story)
Says he will "never apostize again" - BY says CRAP! Later becomes one of 1st members of RLDS church
David W. Patton
said he would give life for God’s cause, killed at Battle of Crooked river
D&C Sec 24 - Lord indicates, "he is with me"
5'10", red hair, only 10 1/2 days of formal ed
stays in Kirtland to perfect temple before joining Joseph in Far West
worried about being worthy to see Joseph again
dies saying Joseph’s name
advertised in all the places Joseph Smith lived to repay all of Joseph’s debts, does so for 10 years
said being called as a captain in Zions Camp was his greatest honor that has come to him by man
Takes saints to Illinois
A genius: memorized Bible in English, German, Hebrew
Thomas Marsh BFF, co-signed affidavit to Boggs, excommunicated, testifies against JS in Richmond hearing
Becomes depressed after losing his membership and wanders abroad to Richmond
Heber C. Kimball goes off to find him and brings him to Joseph and Joseph says that Hyde is the one who put him in Liberty jail, but “friends at first are friends at last” and is forgiven in 1839 and stays faithful and recalled to quorum of 12
joined at 19 when he got BOM from Parley, lived longest of Original 12 Apostles
He allows John C Bennett to rent his house while he is on his mission, Bennett seduces Pratt’s wife, but they lie to Orson and say that Orson’s wife has actually been w/ Joseph, Orson goes ballistic and asks to be removed from the church books, eventually realizes that he was deceived and then threatens to drown himself, Joseph sends people to stop him and he is re-baptized.
J.S.’s brother, bad temper
wanted to form a debate club, Joseph attends one time and he doesn’t like, William gets angry and beats Joseph up
upset because he doesn’t get to practice polygamy
Becomes Patriarch at death of Hyrum and Joseph, tells women that they will be his wives in the next life, their husbands are upset and go to BY, Brigham asks William to repent, but he doesn’t and leaves the church
Forms own church in Kentucky but it fails, joins RLDS church
Heber C. Kimball
2 missions in England
Joseph tests Heber by asking if he would give his wife to him for polygamy commandment (but he was just testing him and ended up marrying Heber to his wife, Violet)
faithful member of 12
Formed first stake out of Inter-mountain West = "Los Angeles"
Family very well off, puts $$ in KSS, loses membership for failing to fulfill calling
8 yrs later, concludes he is going to quit Kirtland and go to Nauvoo (JS dead)
goes to see Brigham Young, stays faithful all the rest of the days of his life
selected to be in the first wagon train to head west
Bishop of Toelle, UT (for more than a decade)
never considered to fill vacancy in the 12
Family very well off, puts $$ in KSS, loses membership for failing to fulfill calling
8 years later, Lyman concludes he is going quit Kirtland and go to Iowa
very angry and bitter
becomes a Judge (persecutes latter-day saints)
works his way towards Michigan
one day, tobogganing on ice, it breaks and he drowns in Lake Michigan
John F. Boynton
only college grad of 12 (Columbia)
Principle owner of KSS, angry after filure
Decides religion does not bring out the best in him
1st man to marry in hot air balloon
Missionaries find him in NYC, goes to visit BY in SLC, BY tells him to come back to church, says no. BY says he is going home to die, dies of appendicitis.
Original Quorum of the 12 Apostles
apostles selected by 3 witnesses (not prophet)
JS then agrees and puts in order of seniority (oldest to youngest vs now when called)
apostle = "one who is sent"
Lyman Johnson(27)-youngest, Thomas B. Marsh(36)-oldest
oldest member of the church was max 4 years
Quorum President then called them on missions
no issues until 1837 (between 37 & 41 - 9 of them leave/their faithfulness is brought into question)
Fall of the Kirtland Safety Society (Anti-Banking Company)
Nationwide "run on the banks" (starts in NY)
gave every investor 12c for every $1
"Joseph Smith FALLEN PROPHET"
JS had 27 counts against him - biggest Treason --> smallest stealing alarm clock
Austin King - Judge
80 men willing to testify for the 9 prisoners (defense) put in jail by Gen. Clark!
Dangerous -- Parley Pratt and others, stay in Richmond
Very Dangerous -- JS, Sidney Rigdon, and others sent to LIBERTY
Trail in Liberty
Sidney defends himself, giving same talk as Joseph in Independence, says he has suffered more than Christ! Declared innocent, given $50, buys horse and new clothes, goes to Illinois
Donaphin asks if he can uses same line - JS says NO. All found guilt, sent back to jail to wait for appeal (4+ months)
Saints to gather here
Miss to Lamanites convert tons of ppl here, after leave, weird things happen
hitting head until unconcious to receive revelation
pretending to row w Lehi to America
pretend to have sword of Laban, fighting for it (imaginary!)
Becomes largest branch in church, but everyone is new, so JS comes
48 revelations received here
received in Kirtland (mostly mission calls)
Most popular (copied the most) = D&C 87 (revelation on wars) - great missionary tool
Least Popular = D&C 89 (WOW) - wasn't commandment until Heber J. Grant in 1930
Theories why received
School of Prophets, Emma disgusted
Temperance movement in Kirtland (Owenites wanted to close saloon but too many Mormons!)
Graham (father of graham cracker) - big on people eating grain, things in season etc
Most Glorious = D&C 109 (Kirtland Dedicatory Prayer)
JS and Sidney Rigdon move to Father Johnson's farmhouse (Sept 1831) to translate Bible
JS receives 16 revelations (D&C 76)
JS and Sidney are tarred and feathered (March 24, 1832)
Joseph Smith Murdock Smith died as result of mob attack
Independence (Jackson County), MO
fur trappers/hunters, saloons, Hispanics, salves
New Jerusalem, Garden of Eden
One day have 24 interconnected temples (21 for priesthood, 3 for communication)
Live Law of Consecration
City farthest west (at time)
First battle (death on both sides) - "Fight at Big Blue" - LDS win
Gen. Sam Lucas brings prisoners here, JS gives speech, ppl want them freed
In jail 2-3 weeks (not bad, ppl visit/bring food)
send letters to Gov. Boggs blaming the Mormon's for stuff
"whole town is ablaze, standing in ashes!"
Orson Hyde and Thomas B. Marsh send letter from here
Jail = log cabin, chained to wall, no windows, no outhouse
Hearing for 9 prisoners
Liberty (Clay County), MO
Saints go here after being kicked out of Independence and live like slaves for a while until they start buying their own lands-residents don’t like them to have lands and drive them out so they end up Far West (Caldwell County)
Stake presidency: David Whitmer (pres.), John Whitmer, W.W. Phelps - not using money wisely
Far West (Caldwell County), MO
“Mormon reservation” - as long as they stayed there they would be spared persecution
Joseph Smith leaves Far West and comes to live here (where Adam dwelt)
Saints never started work on temple
Laws of Zion
Families called 800 mi to Far West
Go in family units, head of household asked questions, has to answer for EVERYONE
Do you know and keep the 10 commandments?
What do you do with your free time?
How do you feel about the poor?
Are you self-sufficient?
Care for the sick?
1-4 = "How do you feel about the Lord?"
5-9 = "How do you feel about your neighbours?"
10 = "How to do you feel/treat about yourself?"
Remember the Lord thy God
Don't worship false gods/idols/graven images
Don't take the Lord's name in vain
keep the Sabbath day holy
honor thy father and mother
don't commit adutery
don't bear false witness
How many called to Zion? Then what happens?
1200 people (200 families) pass the test, head to Jackson county
Then meet wtih Bishop Partridge and asked:
"what were they willing to consecrate to the Lord"
only those that came to Zion and willing to give EVERYTHING to the Lord were invited to stay!
"of the things you have brought and consecrated to the Lord, are you willing to keep stewardship over them?"
the family then received everything they had brought with them and were given a "land of inheritance"
Zion's Camp (founding)
Saints chased out of Independence, forced to cross Missouri River, living with slaves in Clay County
PP Pratt goes back to Kirtland to tell Joseph
Joseph prays to ask if "land of inheritance" can be regained - yes, but only by purchase or by blood
need no less than 200 men if they are going to succeed, only 40 volunteer, they head out
Zion's Camp (on the road)
Joseph sends out missionaries to preach gospel and send new converts to meet up with the camp (Wilford Woodruff one of many)
Zion's camp final total = 207
Reporters exaggerate - “Joseph has got an army of tens of thousands.”, and “Joseph is like a Moses or a Joshua come to show utter destruction.”
Joseph takes fake name - Squire Cook
To stay in camp men had to live WOW, constant prayer, commandments, no murming - JS had to send many back to Kirtland
Zion's Camp (just outside Jackson County)
12 Missiorian Court Officials try to make deal w JS, try to sell (not possible) then state they will destroy them
crossing over river, storm strikes, drowns 7 of 12
In morning, about to leave, 64 men are struck with Cholera - JS tries to heal, but every time lays hands, feels like he's sick
Dissolves camp, sends back to Kirtland, in pairs, some sent on missions
Zion's Camp (what came from it?)
Quorum of the 12
1,2,3 Quorum of 70 are selected from the camp
Why did the LDS and the Missourians not get along?
False accusations, everything from murder to stealing an alarm clock.
Voting power changed as more LDS members moved into the area. This threatened government leaders’ power.
Differences in political opinions. Most church members were from New England, while most Missourians came from southern states. Slavery became an issue
What were the 5 reasons given by opponents for their rejection of the Saints?
(1) They were poor. (2) Their religious differences stirred up prejudice. (3) Their Eastern customs and dialect were alien to the Missourians. (4) They opposed slavery. (5) They believed the Indians were God’s chosen people destined to inherit the land of Missouri with them.
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