The temperature of the air as observed at 1.2 meters above the ground surface. There are five factors that determine this: latitude, surface type, coastal or interior location, elevation and atmospheric and oceanic circulations.
Mean Daily Temperature
The average of the maximum and minimum daily values.
Mean Monthly Temperature
The average of mean daily temperatures in a month.
Urban Heat Islands
A location with a significantly elevated temperature due to the effects of an urbanized area.
The decrease in air temperature with increasing altitude.
Environmental Temperature Lapse Rate
The average value demonstrating how many degrees are dropped as elevation increases (3.56 degrees Fahrenheit per 1000 feet).
The lowest atmospheric layer in which all human activity takes place. Everyday weather happens here. Temperature decreases with increased elevation. It is thickest in the equatorial and tropical regions, and thins towards the poles. This layer contains a lot of water vapor and aerosols. It meets with the tropopause, where temperature increases with elevation.
This layer lies above the Tropopause. Here, the temperature increases as altitude increases. This layer reaches up to 30 miles above the Earth's surface and has strong winds and very little water vapor. This layer also contains the ozone layer which causes temperature to increase with elevation. This layer gives way to the Stratopause, where temperatures stop increasing with elevation.
The layer above the Stratosphere in which temperature falls with altitude. It gives way to the Mesopause, in which temperature increases with elevation.
Temperature increases with altitude again, but this layer holds very little heat.
The region that includes the Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere and the lower portion of the Thermosphere.
The region above the Homosphere.
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