Explain how, from an evolutionary perspective, a genetically-related disorder might be protective or advantageous.
From an evolutionary perspective, the general idea behind why a genetically-related disorder might be protective or advantageous is because there is an underlying benefit that individual experiences as an outcome of having the disorder. For example, individuals with schizophrenia are often very creative and may have unique skills, which can help them in other areas of life.
In order to consider the adaptiveness of a given genetic trait that a person possesses today, people often look at whether that trait has survival value in that person's culture. But according to your text and researcher John Bowlby, what should we be looking at instead?
According to Bowlby, we have to consider whether a trait would have affected survival value in our early evolutionary history, not whether it has value in current societies. (p. 13)
The family resemblance model argues that we are more likely to judge a behavior to be abnormal the more strongly it fits 7 criteria of abnormality. Name 4 of those criteria.Term
Four criteria under the 7 criteria of abnormality are:
Dangerousness (to the person or to other people), Maladaptiveness, Rationality/irrationality, and Causing distress.
When the Ancient Greeks talked about the "4 humors," what did they mean by that?
The "4 humors" were physical characteristics the Greeks classified as causing disease in humans when they were out of balance. The 4 humors were yellow bile, black bile, phlegm, and blood.
Define the following terms:
White matter of the brain
1. Sulci: are the grooves in the cerebral cortex of the brain. These are the folded appearances we see in the brain structure.
2. Broca's area: is an area of the brain that is related to language production. It is in the left hemisphere in the frontal area.
3. White matter of the brain: the white matter of the brain is the compiled area of the myelinated axons/sheaths of nerves. The white areas of the brain carry nerve impulses between neurons.
What factors led to the wholesale closing of mental hospitals in the 1950s, and what notorious problem appeared as a result?
Many mental hospitals closed in the 1950s with the onset of antipsychotic medications and people transitioning to treating through more community-based treatments. A result of mental hospitals closing led to an increase in homelessness and many people with mental disorders in jail.