Who: Congress, immigrants, those over 21
What: Act granting those over 21 160 acres of land for a small fee in return for 5 years of continuous residence on that land
Where: American West
Significance: Revival of the classic American Dream of independence and self-sustenance; culmination of demands for cheap land that results in over 370,000 farms. Motivated much of the westward movement of the post Civil War period
What: gave the gov the right to survey Indian lands and break into individual plots for Indian families; Indians that accepted the land became US citizens, and all leftover land was sold to whites.
Where: Indian Lands
Significance: Designed to assimilate Indians into American Society; however, very few Native Americans took the offer, instead preferring their tribal identity. Resulted in the loss of more than half of the land in Native possession and the erosion of Native cultural traditions
What: First trust; led by board of 9 trustees appointed by Rockefeller; controlled 80% of oil refining
Significance: 1) changed how US did business- origin of trust movement that would eventually result in much controversy 2) led to corruption and accumulation of massive wealth in the hands of very few people
Sign up for free and study better.
Get started today!