an idea that organizes reality. the characteristics are that they summarize examples, are abstractions, and facilitate analysis. They put things into terms or semantic differences
it is something that society builds, is made by humans, malleable.
Spit vs Saliva
spit is socially constructed to be looked at as something disgusting, even though in reality it is DNA which is important to a person
3 dimensions of "relativity"
(1) historical - something was a certain way in the past, but is different now (time) (2) cross cultural - (america vs india) (space) (3) social/intrasocial - depending on what you are, you are judged differently within society (space)
Gender as socially constructed
the socially constructed meanings of sex; individual, social, historical, political, cross cultural significance
having a gender is innate/unchanging based on biology, reinforces binary (male/female essential to our being) sex promotes social construction