Describe the studio contract system of 30s and 40s. which guild was strongest and which stars objected to the contract system and why?
The 7-year contract system was a system where studios would pick up a star, give them rigid contract, pump money into them to up fame, then either keep em or renew em later. SAG was strongest guild to help below the line film workers' unions. Katherine Hepburn and James Cagney fought the contracts because they felt like it kept small actors down.
What was the 1948 Paramount Case? What other factors contributed to the decline of the hollywood studio system in the 50s?
The case accelerated the decline of the studio system. Antitrust actions against big 5, and studios were forced to sell theaters and dismantle star system.
Other factors: quota systems in europe limited american films, postwar movement to suburbs, TV up and other leisure practices, and rise of indie producers/package deals
Why were Bonnie and Clyde, The Graduate, and Easy Rider considered part of the Hollywood Renaissance
Proved that movie studios were not in touch with what the youth liked, which was counter-culture, civil rights, post-watergate radicalism, risque subjects, etc. These movies were highly innovate and went against the hollywood conventions, gesturing to a more liberal/radical force in America.
In what ways were the filmmakers who made "Bonnie and Clyde" influenced by the French New Wave
They were influenced by French New Wave shot choices and thematic matter: jump cuts, extreme close ups use before and after extreme long shots, breaking the 180 rule, focusing the film on morally questionable matter, sexualization, and borrowed from kurosawa and goddard
How did the social historical context in which films like Bonnie and Clyde were made impact the thematic content of the films?
They mirrored the social and historical context: liberal, anti-establishment senses, protestors, civil unrest, everyone cynical about institutions, youth more educated, no more enforcement of Hayes Code, and youth alienation/rebellion
What were some of the trends that took place in Hollywood in 90s (name at least 4)
New technologies/digital film making, enhanced star power, more director power, increased emphasis on global "media franchises"