A small kin-based group where all the members are related by blood or marriage. Found among foragers.
Had economies based on nonintensive food production (horticulture and pastoralism). they lived in villages and were organzed into kin groups based on common descent.
refers to a form of sociopolitical organization intermediate between the tribe and the state. ocial relations are based mainly on kinship, marriage,descent, age, generation, and gender. Unlike bands and tribes, chiefdoms are characterized by permanent political regulation of the territory they administer.
A for of fociopolitical organization based on formal government structure and socioeconomic stratification.
band, tribe, chiefdom, and state are catagories within. t
Legal code with trial and enforcement. rules
Kin groups whose members trace descent from a common ancestor.
Always a man. his authority is severly limited. He can only persuade, harangue, andtry to influence public opinion.
The Big Man
Almost always a male. An aborate version of the village head, but with te significant dfference of having support from several different villages instead of just one. (as opposed to a Village Head)
Those that extend across the whole tribe, spanning several villages and sometimes arose in areas where wo or more different cultures came into regular contact. especially likey to occur when war was present between two tribes. "war parties" made up of several tries.
Some Plains (indian) sodalities were age sets of increasing rank. Each set included all the men from that tribe's component bands, born during a certain time span.Each set had its own distinctive dance, song, possessions, and privlages. they each had to pool thier wealth to buy admission to the next higher level.
A permanent position, which must be reffiled when it is vacated be death or retierment.
this means that some men and women had privlaged access to power, prestige, and wealth. This is in the status sytems of a chiefdom.
The ceation of seperate social strata
economic status. a lot of money
the ability to exercise one' own will over others
The basis of social status -- refers to esteem, respect,or approval to acts, deeds, or qualities considered exemplary.
the higher or elite stratum had privlaged access to weath, power, and other valued resources.
Lower or underprivlaged stratum that was limited by the privlaged group.
financial. ways to earn money
Want to see the other 20 Flashcards in Mirror for Humnity: Ch. 7?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!