K Vocabulary Mirror for Humanity CH. 2 Complex societies- large and populous societies with social stratification and central governments. Cultural consultant- informant; refers to individuals the ethnographer gets to know in the field, the people who teach him or her about their culture, who provide the emic perspective Emic- investigates how local people think. Etic- (science oriented) realizes that members of a culture are often too involved in what they are doing to interpret their cultures impartially. Genealogical method- trace degrees of relationships Informed consent- agreement to take part in the research, after having been so informed. Interview schedule- ethnographer talks face-to-face with people, asks the questions, and writes down the answers. Key cultural consultants- key informants; can provide the most complete or useful information about particular aspects of life. Life history- recollection of a lifetime of experiences. Longitudinal research- long-term study of a community, region, society, culture, or other unit, usually based on repeated visits. Participant observation- taking part in the events one is observing, describing, and analyzing. Random sample- all members of the population have an equal chance of being chosen for inclusion Sample- a manageable study group Survey research- working mainly in large, populous nations involved sampling, impersonal data collection, and statistical analysis Variable- attributes that vary among members of a sample or population
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