Horiguchi Sutemi (a founding member of Bunriha, 1920-28, founded by 6 grads of Tokyo Imperial U.) Shienso, 1926, Warabi City: a break away movement in architecture, using extreme language to call attention to themselves. The building is characterized by strong horizontal planes, circles/ round windows, similar to those seen in tea rooms. Perimeter roof is also coming out of the tea tradition, a combination of tradition & modern style.
Horiguchi Sutemi: Wakasa House (1939), Tokyo: contains a roof garden, open frame, very high modern architecture. He worked with the concept of integrating traditional Japanese forms into a modern context.
Imperial Household Museum Competition of 1931; Entry submitted by Watanabe Jin (winning entry): (is Watabe Hitosji): built in the imperial crown style that in the thirties became the symbol of Japanese nationalism. The most obvious characteristic of this style is the curving Japanese roof, and small roof structures extending from the entrance of a building over an adjacent doorway.
Watanabe Jin...: The rules of the competition stipulated that the museum must be in an "Eastern style that is based on Japanese taste, so that it will preserve harmony with the contents of the museum. Watanabe Jin's design was a modern Western-style structure in which Japanese taste was expressed by the application of tiled-and-gabbled roofs and premodern Japanese decorative motifs. His design emphasized the mass of the walls.
Imperial Household Museum Competition of 1931; entry submitted by Maekawa Kunio: in contrast, had a flat roof w/ no cornice.Young architects' building whose work was very modern, garden roof, windows along entire length of building for uninterrupted natural lighting for the major galleries. Critics would call it a betrayal to tradition, and modernists would praise it, since there's a pressure to express nationality/Japaneseness in modern design. Emphasized the geometric volumes walls contained
Tange Kenzo: Hiroshima Peace Park & Memorial Museum (1955): saddle shaped structure as the actual memorial statue, the shape reminds of the saddle-shaped roofs of Haniwa, it dominates the central plaza. Museum in the background.