Module 1 Study Guide
Last Modified: 2011-07-20
-The Bible is Not a series of propositions and imperatives (a collection of sayings from God)
-BIBLICAL DOCS CLAIM TO RECORD HISTORY
-Assumes docs ARE historical, even while assessing the claim
-Tries to correlate how various historical materials fit together, recognizing there are gaps in our understanding
-MODERN: Assumes the Bible is pious fiction to be accepted only when supported by modern science
-It's important b/c it was the foundation of God's written Word
-Early followers of Christ measured NT writers against OT standard and used the same process of guidance by the Holy Spirit to validate the new writings.
-God is the ultimate character, the supreme hero of the story.
-ANTAGONIST: Satan (or evil people/powers)
-AGONIST: God's People
INTERNAL EVIDENCE: Has to do w/the copyists and authors (the kinds of mistakes to which copyists were susceptible)
-Roman Catholicism has a "magisterium" who determines for all the fuller sense of the text. Protestants, h/w, have no magisterium, & we should be properly concerned w/e anyone says he/she has God's deeper meaning to a text.
-Improper interpretation can/will obscure the true meaning of the text.
EUPHEMISMS: Indirect expressions to describe something blunt
VOCABULARY: Finding the right words to translate into
WORDPLAYS: Words in the original language that sound alike but have diff. meaning.
MATTERS OF GENDER
-Pious fiction to be accepted only when supported by modern science
-Supporters label bulk of the Bible as "myth"
-Issue is a set of philosophical assumption rather than conflicting evidence
-Theories were brought together in 1878 (Julius Wellhausen)
-Scholars adopted his theory for the OT and then applied his principles to find multiple sources in the NT
-MODERN: God could not (or would not) intervene in space-time history
-We've realized that biblical history fits within an overall ANE historical context, although there is some debate on how the pieces fit in
-Provides 2 types of data: WRITTEN/NONWRITTEN... N/W can be quite puzzling
-N/W is very hard to date
-It's important b/c this principle also gives us our basis for defining civilization. Usually, the concept of civilization is predicted on the knowledge of writing.
-Church realized His return was not around the corner & eyewitnesses of Jesus' resurrection began to be martyred and otherwise die off
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