þÿ 1 WOW “Please do not be cynical. I hate cynicism. For the record, it's my least favorite quality. It doesn't lead anywhere. Nobody in life gets exactly what they thought they were going to get. But if you work really hard and you're kind, amazing things will happen. I’m telling you, amazing things will happen.” – Conan O’Brien http://youtu.be/AcF1OoWqXBc?t=3m47s Summary of factors affecting learning Biology & Conditioning Classical conditioning Operant conditioning 2 Cognition & Conditioning Cognitive learning Cognitive map Latent learning Intrinsic motivation Extrinsic motivation Latent Learning Latent learning refers to skills or knowledge gained from experience, but not apparent in behavior until rewards are given. Learning, Rewards, and Motivation What might happen if we begin to reward a behavior someone was already doing and enjoying? The Overjustification Effect Research with preschoolers The impact of promising a reward for doing what one already likes to do The person comes to see the reward, rather than the intrinsic interest, as the motivation 3 Learning by Observation Observational learning Modeling Mirroring Vicarious conditioning Albert Bandura’s Bobo Doll Experiment (1961) Mirror Neurons Person actually experiencing pain Person observing another experience pain Notice sensory strip From Mirroring to Imitation 4 Mirroring Plus Vicarious Reinforcement Prosocial and Antisocial Effects of Observational Learning Media Models of Violence Do we learn antisocial behavior such as violence from indirect observations of others in the media? Parental Monitoring of TV How important is parent input on a child’s television viewing?