lifelong social experience by which people develop their human potential and learn culture.
primary socialization usually occurs within the family, face interaction to learn language., etc.
throughout one's lifetime and involves a variety of sources.
a person's fairly consistent pattern of thinking and acting
Freud's 1st component of personality. The human being's basic drives that demand instant gratification.
Freud's 2nd component of personality. A person's conscious efforts to balance innate pleasure-seeking drives with the demands of society. The ego is more rational and reality oriented.
Freud's 3rd component of personality. Consciousness, which involves the cultural values and norms internalized by an individual.
From Jean Paiget's theory of cognitive development. Is birth to 2, and is the level of human development at which individuals experience the world only through their senses since they do not have language.
from Jean Paiget's theory of cognitive development. Ages 2-7, and is the level of human development at which individuals first use language and other symbols to form mental images. Are still limited in ability to use logic.
concrete operational stage
Paiget's theory of cognitive development. Ages 7-11, and is the level of human development at which individuals first see casual connections in their surroundings and can think in terms of tangible objects and actual events and draw conclusions about likely consequences without having to actually engage in the action.
Formal operational stage
Jean Paiget's theory of cognitive development at which individuals think abstractly and critically and understand things the have never seen.
by Charles Horton Cooley. It is the idea that self-image is based on how we think others see us. Not who we actually are or what people think about us.
Mead's term for the part of an individual's personality composed of self-awareness and self-image.
people who have special importance for socialization, like parents.
Mead's term for widespread cultural norms and values we use as references in evaluating ourselves.
Agent of socialization
persons, groups, or institutions that teach us what we need to know to participate in society.
Members have interests, social positions, and age in common
refers to the process of social learning directed toward achieving a desired position and commonly occurs among peers.
are the mean for delivering impersonal communications to a vast audience.
the study of aging and the elderly
a form of social organization in which the elderly have the most wealth, power, and prestige.
prejudice and discrimination against the elderly.
a category of people with a common characteristic, usually their age.
settings in which people are isolated from the rest of society and manipulated by an administrative staff.
radically changing an inmate's personality by carefully controlling the environment.
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