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the intricate fabric of interconnected nerual cells covering the cerebral hemispheres; the body's ultimate control center and information processing center.
glial cells (glia)
cells in the nervous system that support, nourish, and protect neurons.
portion of the cerebral cortex lying just behind the forehead; involved in speaking and muscle movement and in making plans and judgments.
portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the top of the head and toward the rear; receives sensory input for touch and body position.
portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the back of the head; includes areas that receive information from the visual fields.
portion of the cerebral cortex lying roughly above the ears; incudes auditory areas, each receiving information primarily from the opposite ear.
an area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements.
area at the front of the parietal lobes that registers and processes body touch and movement sensations
areas of the cerebral cortex that are not involved in primary motor or sensory function; rather, they are involved in higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking.
the brain's ability to change, especially during childhood, by reorganizing after damage or by building new pathways based on experience.
the formation of new neurons.
the large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemispheres and carrying messages bewteen them.
a condition resulting from surgery that isolates the brain's two hemispheres by cutting fibers (mainly those of the corpus callosum) connecting them.
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