Bk s 17-20 Roles are beginning to be reversed--the Achaeans are being besieged by the Trojans, and the Trojans are on the offensive. Hector is starting to become Achilles in a way, thinking himself almost invincible, daring to believe he can defeat Achilles. Achilles has accepted his fate, particularly after the insult of Patroclus. The snake/eagle omen?Hector won't follow omens. Case in point, communication with the gods is improbable if not impossible because of all ambiguity and openness to interpretation. "The god of war is impartial." Indeed?.every one is going to die at some point Hector turns his back on civilization, his city, to refuel and instead chooses to camp on the field like the Achaeans. "When in doubt, salute." He's ignoring divine sight, advice, reason, etc. 18.331-360 --notice that he really sounds like Agamemnon at this point. Law & Religion Religion moved from the palace to the village, but the structures remained basically the same. Temple--Altar--Image Personnel. Anyone can sacrifice to the gods, regardless of social class and gender "Anyone can pick up the phone and call Zeus"--"emergency religion" "the solidarity of mortals in the face of immortals" against them?not with them. Dogma: never deterministic. No ritual. No fixed outcomes. Greek religion/gods recognize procedure, not moral purity and not ethics Law: Assembly; physical infrastructure -anyone could argue a case, anyone has an opinion -doesn?t guarantee that everyone gets the same floor time?but the concept is the same -solidarity of a community against itself -no codification of Greek law. Every city-state had its own law. Greek law was public and out among the people, not hidden and ephemeral. The goal to all of this: the restoration of order Honor and gold goes to the wisest judge?law as a public competition **Poem not about war, but about law, order, and religion in a world where war is the norm. We see this on Achilles' new shield, which has two cities hammered into it. The poem moves from war and chaos to restoration of order. Two levers pressed at one time: religion and law. Monday Sept. 20, 2010 Monday, September 20, 2010 10:16 AM Greek History Page 1
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