Motivation and Emotion Chapter 8
- University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee
- Educational Psychology
- Educational Psychology 101
- Motivation and Emotion Chapter 8
Last Modified: 2011-10-30
- Definition: the factors that direct and energize the behavior of humans and other organisms.
The process by which activities are started, directed, and sustained to fulfill both physical and psychological needs.
- Definition: Inborn patterns of behavior that are biologically determined rather than learned.
- Instincts provide the energy that channels behavior in appropriate directions.
- Definition: lack of a basic biological requirement (such as water) produces a drive (such as thirst) to obtain that requirement
- Primary drives (hunger, thirst, sex, sleep)
- Secondary drives (achievement, wealth, etc.)
- Definition: The body's tendency to maintain a steady internal state.
- Definition: The belief we try to maintain certain levels of stimulation and activity, increasing or reducing them as necessary.
- Definition: Theories suggesting that motivation stems from the desire to obtain valued external goals or incentives.
- E.G., Buy one get one free, or a free item comes with whatever you are purchasing.
- Definition: theories suggesting that motivation is a product of people's thoughts and expectations- their cognitions.
- Intrinsic motivation: motivated by your own enjoyment rather than by any concrete reward; intrinsic = internal to you
- Extrinsic motivation: doing something for a concrete reward; extrinsic = external to you
- Definition: a state of self-fulfillment in which people realize their highest potential, each in his or her own unique way.
- Definition: body weight that is more than 20% above average weight for a person of particular height.
- Body mass index (BMI): based on a ratio of weight to height; BMI > 30 considered obese, BMI between 25 and 30 are overweight
- Both, adult and childhood obesity have been on the rise
- Obesity is associated with many long-term negative health effects
- Definition: the particular level of weight that body strives to maintain.
- Definition: The rate in which food is converted to energy and expended by the body.
- Definition: Monitors glucose levels
Lateral hypothalamus (hunger)
- Definition: A severe eating disorder in which people may refuse to eat while denying that their behavior and appearance- which can become skeleton-like.
Weight loss of at least 15% of ideal weight.
- Definition: a disorder in which a person binges on large quantities of food, followed by efforts to purge the food through vomiting or other means.
- Definition: male sex hormones secreted by the testes
- Definition: the male and female sex organs
- Definition: class of female sex hormones
- Definition: a female sex hormone secreted by the ovaries
- Definition: the point at which an egg is released from the ovaries
- Definition: Sexual self-stimulation
- Definition: sexual attraction and behavior directed to the other sex
- Definition: the view that premarital sex is permissible for males but not for females
- sexual activity between a married person and someone who is not his or her spouse.
- Definition: a stable, learned characteristic in which a person obtains satisfaction by striving for attaining a level of excellence
- Definition: an interest in establishing and maintaining relationships with other people
- Definition: a tendency to seek impact, control, or influence over others, and to be seen as a powerful individual
- Definition: the belief that emotional experience is a reaction to bodily event occurring as a result of an external situation. ("i feel sad because I'm crying".
- Definition: the belief that both physiological arousal and emotional experience are produced simultaneously by the same nerve stimulus.
- Definition: the belief that emotions are determined jointly by a nonspecific kind of physiological arousal and its interpretation based on environmental cues.
- Definition: activation of a set of nerve impulses that make the face display the appropriate expression
- Definition: the hypothesis that facial expressions not only reflect emotional experience but also help determine how people experience and label emotions.
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