is defined as a set of energetic forces that originates both within an outside an employee, initiates work-related effort, and determines its derecction, intensity, and persistence.
Describes the cognitive process that employees go through to make choices among different voluntary responses. Employee behavior is directed toward pleasure and away from pain or...
represents the belief that exerting a high level of effort will result in the successful performance of some task. self-efficacy past accomplishments vicarious experiences verbal persuasion Emotional cues
defined as the belief that a person has the capabilities needed to execute the behaviors required for task success.. Self confidence
the degree to which they have succeeded or failed in similar sorts of tasks in the past will determine their efficacy
their observations and discussions with others who have performed such tasks.
people close to them can persuade them that they can get the job done.
feelings of fear or anxiety can create doubts about task accomplishment, whereas pride and enthusiasm can bolster confidence level.
reflects the anticipated value of the outcomes associated with performance
motivation that is controlled by some contingency that depends on task performance. Ex. bonuses, promotions or praise
motivation that is felt when task performance serves as its own reward Ex. enjoyment, interestingness and personal expression
Goal setting theory
views goals as the primary drivers of the intensity and persistence of effort. Goals are defined as the objective or aim of an action and typically refer to attaining a specific standard or proficiency, often within a specified time limit.
Specific Measurable Achievable Results-Based Time-Sensitive
unlike first two theories, it acknowledges that motivation doesn't just depend on your own beliefs and circumstances but also on what happens to other people. More specifically, equity theory suggests that employees create a "mental ledger" of the outcome (or rewards) they get from their job duties.
What do we compare
Job Equity Company Equity Occupational Equity Educational Equity Age Equity
reflects an energy rooted in the belief that work tasks contribute to some larger purpose. It represents an intrinsic motivation. 1. Meaningfulness 2. Self-Determination 3. Competence 4. Impact
captures the value of a work goal or purpose, relative to a person's own ideals and passions, it becomes easier to concentrate on the task and get excited about it.
reflects a sense of choice in the initiation and continuation of work tasks.
captures a person's belief in his or her capability to perform work tasks successfully
reflects the sense that a person's actions "make a difference" -that progress is being made toward fulfilling some important purpose.
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