A reference in a work of literature to something outside the work, especially to a well know historical or literary event, person, or work. In Hamlet, when Horatio says, "ere the mightiest Julius fell," the ___________ is to the death of Julius Caesar.
A speaker's, author's or character's disposition toward or opinion of a subject. For example, Jane Austen's _________ toward Mr. Bennet in Pride and Prejudice combines respect for his wit and intelligence with the disapproval of his failure to take sufficient responsibility for the rearing of his daughters.
Details (also choice of details)
_________ are items or parts that make up a larger picture or story. Chaucer's "Prologue" to The Canterbury's Tales is celebrated for its use of a few ______ to bring the characters to life. ______ doesn't involve a word's connotation.
Devices of Sound
The techniques of deploying the sound of words, especially in poetry. Among the _______ are rhyme, alliteration, assonance, consonance, and onomatopoeia. These _______ are used for several reasons, including creating a general effect of pleasant or of discordant sound, imitating another sound or reflecting a meaning.
Word choice. Nearly all essay questions will as you to talk about ____ or about "techniques" that include ____. Any word that affects the meaning of a passage can be used in your essay. Whether to use wept or cried is a question of _____ AND connotation.
Writing that uses figures of speech (as opposed to literal language or that of which is actual or specifically denoted) such as metaphor, simile, and irony. ________ uses words to suggest something other than their meaning. "The black bat night has flown" is a _______ with the metaphor comparing night and bat.