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Which of the following words would be most appropriate to include in phonics instruction designed to promote beginning readers’ ability to decode regular CVCe words?
A second-grade teacher would like to improve students’ ability to read narrative texts with appropriate expression. Which of the following strategies is likely to be most effective in addressing this goal?
As part of an informal reading assessment, a teacher asks a first-grade student to read a grade-level passage aloud. As the student reads, the teacher marks the student’s errors on a copy of the passage, indicating errors of substation, insertion, omission, and reversal. The teacher also notes any repetitions or self-corrections. This assessment is likely to provide the most useful information about the student’s skills in which o the following areas of reading development?
Which of the following words would be most appropriate to teach as a sight word to fifth-grade students?
Which of the following teacher actions during a read-aloud of a “big book” is likely to be most effective in supporting kindergartners’ vocabulary development?
guiding students in creating a graphic organizer to visually represent relationships between the key words in a given text
A sixth-grade teacher asks the following question during a class discussion of an informational text the class is reading together. “According to the author, why are kelp forests found at different latitudes on the western and eastern coasts of a continent?” This question prompts students to apply which of the following levels of reading comprehension?
undeniable, regroup, pregame, submarine
A television commercial for a breakfast cereal features several adults in their twenties and thirties who cheerfully consume a bowl of the cereal before bicycling, jogging, and hiking to the accompaniment of upbeat, fast-paced music. Which of the following message is the commercial most likely intended to convey?
During textbook reading, a sixth-grade teacher instructs students to carefully read the first and last sentence in each paragraph and to notice bold print and graphics. By engaging students in this activity, the teacher is applying which of the following strategies for promoting comprehension of expository texts?
As a first-grade teacher reads a story aloud to students, she periodically pauses to ask the class questions such as “How do you think the character is feeling now?” or “What do you think will happen next?” This instructional strategy is most likely intended to promote students’:
According to the standards conventions of English in the United States, which of the following sentences contains an error in usage?
I would of gone to the movies, but I had too much homework to do.
A student makes notes related to a topic without consideration for paragraph structure or logical development of ideas. The student is most likely engaged in which of the following steps of the writing process?
Which of the following sentences would be most appropriate to include in a formal letter?
Although I have limited work experience, I learn new skills quickly and apply them effectively.
A student is preparing to give a speech to a large group of peers at a school. When rehearsing the speech, the student notices that several words are repeated unnecessarily throughout the speech. Which of the following tools would be most helpful for the student to use when revising the speech?
A fifth-grade teacher would like to provide students with opportunities to share ideas while developing independence during the writing process. Which of the following student activities would be most appropriate for this purpose?
A city resident is developing a speech to a local civic organization. In the speech, she hopes to persuade those present to support a city sales tax. Which of the following communication skills would be most important for the speaker to utilize to achieve her goal?
addressing the values and concerns of the audience
Which of the following oral responses most clearly indicates that critical listening has occurred?
“How does your organization use private donations?”
modeling how to properly paraphrase, quote, and cite sources
rephrasing a speaker’s statement before responding
The construction of the Mackinac Bridge is considered a significant episode in Michigan’s history primarily because it:
unified Michigan by allowing easy transportation between the Upper and Lower Peninsulas
Which of the following statements is most likely taken from a primary source?
My chief mate informed me this morning that our supplied of salt pork and fresh water were unlikely to last as long as planned.
Which of the following events or developments had the greatest impact on economic growth in the Midwest region of the United States during the first half of the nineteenth century?
the opening of the Erie Canal
A fifth-grade teacher would like to enhance students’ understanding of how the construction of the transcontinental railroad affected patterns of human settlement in the trans-Mississippi West. Which of the following activities using instructional materials would be most effective for the teacher to use for this purpose?
providing maps that show population density in the western United States in 1860 and 1890
This diagram best illustrates which of the following concepts?USA corn.... Saudi Arabia Oil.... Japan Cars...(all arrows connecting)
A fifth-grade teacher wants to find out how well her students have understood a geography unit about how push and pull factors influence migration. Which of the following projects could she assign in order to best assess the students’ understanding?
Each student writes a letter from the perspective of someone moving to Michigan during a historical period of the student’s choice, explaining why he or she is moving
A geographer would most likely use a remote sensing technology for which of the following purposes?
When state legislatures pass laws to establish public schools, construct highways, and provide safe drinking water, they are carrying out which of the following purposes of government?
The federal government and state governments in the United States exercise which of the following concurrent powers?
Which of the following elements of the Bill of Rights can best be used to illustrate the idea that personal liberties should be exercised in a responsible manner that recognizes the rights of others?
Which of the following historical developments best illustrates how nationalism shaped the formation of governments?
Over the past hundred years, human beings have been able to purchase inexpensive manufactured goods in much larger quantities than was possible in earlier times. Which of the following statements best describes the main reason for this development?
The energy stored in fossil fuels like coal and oil has been used to do more work than humans and animals had been able to do on their own
A family must decide how to spend a sum of money they have available. After the family members discuss the various options, they come to a decision that is acceptable to all of them. This example best illustrates which of the following decision-making models?
Which of the following steps would the Federal Reserve most likely take during a period of high unemployment when prices are relatively stable?
reducing the discount rate of loans to banks
Which of the following factors is the main cause of global economic interdependence?
the international reduction of barriers to trade and investment
obtaining economics information
City planners are considering three possible sites for the location of a water treatment plant. They have received petitions protesting the selection of all three sites. The planners can best ensure that all sides receive full consideration of their views by:
inviting interested and informed individuals to speak at a public hearing
Development of which of the following skills would best enable students to participate constructively in the policy-making process?
recognizing trade-offs and consequences
As part of a geography lesson, students in a fourth-grade class are studying how climate influences what crops are cultivated in different regions of the United States, The teacher could best modify this lesson to promote student understanding of economics by introducing which of the following concepts?
specialization and interdependence
Which of the following techniques is typically used by a playwright to give a play a sense of tension?
introducing a conflict between two or more characters
A second-grade teacher would like students to apply the concept of harmony during a music lesson. Which of the following activities would be most appropriate for this purpose?
singing a round in groups
Which of the following elements is essential to a performance of live theatre?
an audience and actors
Which of the following activities best illustrates the concept of kinesthetic awareness?
a dance activity in which students try to sense where their own and others’ bodies are in space without looking
A primary purpose of murals is to depict the beliefs and attitudes of a culture through the use of:
The dancer’s posture known as a plié is most typically associated with which of the following types of dance?
A third-grade teacher has arranged for his class to attend a performance by an Indonesian shadow puppet (wayang kulit) company. Which of the following strategies would most effectively prepare the students to appreciate the performance?
talking to students about the background of the art form and having them create and use basic shadow puppets to retell a familiar story
meeting with the fine arts teacher throughout the school year to brainstorm ways for arts to reference and be integrated into other curricula
What story do you think the artist is trying to tell with this painting?
A teacher is planning a student concert at which students will perform a published song from a contemporary musical. Given the ethical considerations associated with student performances of published material, which of the following actions by the teacher would be most appropriate?
sending a written request for permission to the song’s publisher well in advance of the concert
A sixth-grade teacher is planning a project in which students will use disposable cameras to document their lives outside of school. The students’ photographs will be featured in an exhibit at the public library. The teacher would like to provide students with appropriate guidance throughout the project. Which of the following steps should the teacher take first?
reviewing privacy laws and providing release forms to be signed by the individuals that the students photograph
A sixth-grade teacher would like to familiarize students with some famous examples of important art movements. After giving the students a few minutes to look at a slide of a painting, which of the following questions would be most effective for the teacher to use to begin a discussion?
What do you see in the painting?
A fourth-grade teacher is assessing students’ use of the inquiry process during a unit on electricity and magnetism. Which of the following assessments would be most effective for this purpose?
A third-grade teacher is considering using an activity that she found on the Internet for her science class. However, when she looks up information for the materials used in the activity, she finds that one material is labeled “caustic”. It would be wise for the teacher not to use this activity because caustic materials can:
cause chemical burns if they come into contact with the skin or eyes
A researcher is trying to determine why hemlock trees in a certain area are dying in large numbers while other species of trees are unaffected. Which of the following is a testable hypothesis that could help determine the cause of the hemlocks’ decline in the area?
A pest that infests hemlock trees but does not attack other tree species has recently spread into the area from forests outside the area
Which of the following would be the most effective way to test the hypothesis below using plants that are susceptible to aphid infestations?
Hypothesis: Aphids are more likely to attack plants that are experiencing stress than plants that are growing in a less stressful environment.
Place 10 pairs of pots containing the plants at random locations in the garden. Water one pot in each pair adequately and the other pot only when the plant is beginning to wilt. Count and compare the number of aphids that attach each plant.
A scientist would need both a graduated cylinder partially filled with water and an electronic scale to determine the:
Density of a bone
The individuals in the study group may have shared some other factor that lowered their risk of stomach cancer
Which of the following is the primary environmental problem associated with using nuclear power to generate electricity?
The production of hazardous waste that requires long-term storage
- Nuclear Power occurs when atoms are split and energy is created.
- Relative to other forms of power, Nuclear power is a very efficient form of energy production.
- Nuclear Power accounts for almost 10% of the Energy created in the United States.
A sixth-grade class is studying the geologic time periods, and discussing the extinction of dinosaurs and other animal and plant species at the end of the Cretaceous period. The teacher has the students read current theories about possible causes of the extinction, and then has them list some reasons why they support a particular theory. This activity is most effective for helping students:
In 1980 Luis and Walter Alvarez discovered that a layer of sediments found all over the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary contained a concentration of iridium hundreds of times greater than normal. Since iridium is very rare in the earth’s crust and is more common in certain types of asteroids, the Alvarez team suggested that this was evidence of a catastrophic asteroid strike that caused the extinction of the dinosaurs and other Mesozoic lineages.
This passage best illustrates how scientific progress occurs as a result of the:
A third-grade teacher provided students with cups of soil and bean seeds so that they could observe plant germination and growth. However, most of the students overwatered their seeds and they failed to germinate. In which of the following ways could the teacher use this experience to promote students’ scientific analysis and reflection skills?
Asking the class to brainstorm possible reasons for the failure of the seeds to germinate
Students in a fourth-grade class are studying animal adaptations under different environmental conditions. Which of the following strategies would be most effective for the teacher to use in order to help the students develop a deeper understanding of this topic?
Assigning students a particular habitat and having them create an imaginary animal with adaptations specific to that habitat
The life cycles and development of insects
Plant height in a particular species of plant is determined by a single gene. Plants with two copies of the dominant form of the gene (HH) grow to be about 3 feet tall. Plants with two copies of the recessive form of the gene (hh) grow to be only 1 foot tall. Which of the following will be the most likely distribution of plant heights in 100 offspring of a cross between a 3-foot-tall HH plant and a 1-foot-tall hh plant?
All of the offspring will be 3 feet tall
A third-grade class has been studying the weather, including measuring the temperature, humidity, wind direction, and amount of rainfall every day. Which of the following strategies would be most effective for assessing the knowledge and skills of the students at the end of this weather unit?
Having each student use their collected weather data to explain the past weeks’ weather in written summary
Sun, moon, and earth form a straight line
The Upper Peninsula of Michigan has the second highest average snowfall of any nonmountanious region of the world. Which of the following best explains the high average yearly snowfall in this area?
Cold northern winds pick up large amounts of moisture as they blow over the relatively warm surface of Lake Superior and drop it as snow when they reach the colder shore
Which of the following is the most serious environmental effect of clear-cut logging in hilly regions of Michigan?
Increased soil erosion and silting of local streams
A plant uses energy from the sun to produce sugars
A solar panel charging a cell phone
Vaccines reduce the incidence of specific diseases by:
stimulating the body’s immune system response to the infection
increased heart rate and blood pressure
Fourth-grade students have participated in several lessons related to the USDAs guidelines and recommendations. During the last lesson, the teacher divides the students into small groups and asks each group to create a song about the importance of eating a variety of foods from the major food groups. The students may include creative movements to go alone with their song. Each group will perform their song in front of the class. This is a particularly effective culminating activity because it prompts students to:
reiterate the significance of eating healthy foods in an enjoyable way
discussing and creating a list of safety precautions to use when swimming
The instruction and professional development goals associated with the “Chase Edwards law” section of the Michigan School Code are designed to prevent fatal and nonfatal suicide behaviors among youth and to increase student awareness of warning signs and risk factors for suicide. In addition to these goals, the law was specially created to:
A kindergarten teacher wants to promote proper dental hygiene among kindergarten students. Which of the following strategies would be most effective for the teacher to use in addressing this goal?
Providing the opportunity and the supplies needed for students to brush their teeth after lunch
A sixth-grade teacher would like to help students conduct research on the nutritional components of their school lunch program. Which of the following sources would be most appropriate for the teacher and students to consult first?
The Web site for the Michigan Department of Education
Building opportunities for students to make decisions into everyday class activities
Throwing a table tennis ball, softball, and basketball with the same amount of force to determine which one travels the farthest
The effects of exercise on body systems
Pairs of second-grade students are engaged in a mirroring activity. One student faces his or her partner and makes various slow movements, which his or her partner mimics; then the partners switch roles. The primary purpose of this activity is to promote students’ understanding of movement concepts related to:
. Eighth-grade students are cohosting a field day at the adjacent elementary school. With help and guidance from two physical education teachers, small groups of eighth graders create individual challenge stations and group games that they will facilitate during the elementary school’s field day. This activity is particularly appropriate for promoting the eighth-grade students’:
responsibility and leadership skills
To assess students’ attitudes about various types of physical activities, a teacher provides the class with a “How I Feel About Activities in Physical Education” list. The students are asked to circle a happy or sad face next to a variety of physical activities. This activity allows students to evaluate themselves in which of the following domains?
. An eighth-grade physical education class is planning a summer Olympics event. Small groups of students will each choose a different Olympics event, research the origins of and developments in the event, and make a presentation about the event to the rest of the class. Presentations may include physical demonstrations, regulations, background information, and interesting facts related to the event. Which of the following types of guidance would be most helpful for the teacher to provide to students in conjunction with this project?
Techniques and criteria for locating potentially helpful Web sites and for evaluating their reliability and usefulness
Which of the following is the most developmentally appropriate motor activity for helping early elementary children develop hand-eye coordination?
Tossing and catching a beanbag
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