-utilizing two turn tables to create percussive effects like scratching
-evolved into rapping completely instead of a few words over the existing soundtrack
-African American game of insults
-"Yo mama jokes"
-battle rap connection
-slaves were sold one by one unless there was a defect(injured mentally or physically), the ones who had the “defect” were sold in a dozen. Slaves would go back and forth insulting/joking with each other until someone breaks down.