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What moves music forward in time
-Marked off in measures
-Organizes the beats in music
Subdivide each beat into 3, rather than 2, subbeats
A regular pulse that divides time into equal segments
Alternates a strong downbeat with a weak beat
Describes the vertical events in music, or how they sound together
-The simultaneous sounding of 3 or more pitches
-Chords are built from particular scale, or sequence of pitches
-The central tone around which a melody and it's harmonies are built
Created by an unstable, or discordant, combination of tones
Occurs with a resolution of dissonance, producing a stable or restful sound
Collection of pitches arranged in ascending or descending order from which chords and melodies are built
Harmony consisting of a single sustained tone
The interval spanning 8 notes of the scale
Made up of 12 half steps
Built on patterns of 7 whole and half steps that form major and minor scales
The interweaving of the melodic lines wit harmony in music
Single-voiced music without accompaniment
Multiple voices elaborating the same melody at the same time
A many-voiced texture based on counterpoint
One line set against another
Occurs when one melodic voice is prominent over the accompanying lines, or voices
A melodic idea in a large-scale work
Smallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic-rhythmic unit
Same rhythm, different cord parts
The same melody is repeated with each stanza of the text
-Based on a statement and a departure, without a return to the complete opening section
-Extends the idea of statement and departure by bringing back the first section
Describe the volume, or how loud or soft the music is played
Rate of speed of the music
-4th property of sound
-Accounts for the striking differences in the sound quality of instruments
Pope Gregor I
Organized and categorized chants
A bunch of notes on one syllable
-Notre Dame School
-First composer whose name we know for sure because he signed his compositions
-Student of Leonin
-Wrote organum for up to 4 voices
Troubadour and Trouvere songs
-Nobles at court
-Usually a single tune
-Mostly love songs, couldn't be about religion
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