Pleasure gardens – places (garden) where people can go to listen to music while eating, meeting with people (multi-facilitated environment)
Musical variety shows – Performers had to draw a big audience to pay for their show, big audiences needed for show so different techniques to draw in the crowd was necessary
Municipal symphonies (1889 Chicago Symphony) – first privately owned symphony in Chicago
· High culture – industrialism (industry, railroads, etc.)increasing wealth for the patrons of the arts
Serious tension between refinement and freedom
Inferiority complex – America wanted to show Europe that they had their own music/culture too
Racial anxiety (First jubilee singers – Mark Twain went to see them, based on African American Music); Americans were not comfortable with identifying with African American culture
Timing in music
regular pulse that organizes the music/ stress on the certain notes to group the beat
the speed at which the beats occur
(triple vs. duple) – measure: 4 pulses,
Measure, bar – grouping of certain amount of beats to organize (to give you an idea of cycles and when they are starting); usually grouped as 4 beats per measure/bar
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