Nathaniel Hawthorne 1804 ? 1864 Ancestor judge during Witch Trials ? Judge Hathorne Wanted to disassociate with him Father was sea captain ? died of yellow fever in 1808 Hawthorne 4 years old No Social Security Hawthorne, mom, and two sisters lives with relativs of mom Eventually moved to Maine ? lived with Mannings Uncle insisted he go to college Attended Bodwin ? just like Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Very close friend ? Franklin Pierce ? president later Made bet that he?d never get married until he was at least 30 Honored the bet Married Sofia Peabody shortly after he made the bet Called a Transcendentalist Very individualistic thinkers Believed they could transcend normal human experience and live life on a higher plane ? more spiritual, more intellectual Had to earn money ? formed communes Collectively lived together and shared work Sofia got Hawthorne to put a down payment of $1000 for a commune at Brook Farm Plan was to have extra time for writing Stayed for 6 months Hated it Became obsessed with sin and darkness of the soul Left Brook Farm
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