A three part economic plan proposed by Henry Clay that included a second Bank of the United States (1816), the Protective Tariff of 1816, and internal improvements such as a National Road and construction of canals.
Corrupt Bargain (i)
The charge made by Jacksonians in 1825 that Clay had supported John Quincy Adams in the House of Representatives' selection of the president for the 1824 election, in which no candidate obtained a majority of Electoral College votes. In return, Clay was appointed Secretary of State.
Tariff of Abominations (i)
This protective tariff was the central issue in the Nullification Crisis between South Carolina, led by John C. Calhoun who opposed the tariff, and the Federal government, led by Andrew Jackson.
Spoils System (i)
A form of political patronage that awards of government jobs to political supporters and friends.
Indian Removal Act, 1830 (i)
Provided for the removal of all Native American tribes to lands west of the Mississippi River for the economic development of American citizens. The Cherokee resisted this law and fought it in the U.S. Supreme Court. Ultimately this led to the Trail of Tears in 1838.
Worcester v. Georgia (1832, Marshall)
Established tribal autonomy within Native American boundaries, ultimately forbidding the state of Georgia from removing the Cherokee from the homelands.