A harmful form of precipitation high in sulfur and nitrogen oxides. Caused by industrial and auto emissions, acid rain damages aquatic and forest ecosystems in regions such as eastern North America and Europe
a coniferous forest found in a high-latitude or mountainous environment in the Northern Hemisphere
Concentric Zone Model
A simplified description of urban land use in which a well-defined central business district (CBD) is surrounded by concentric zones of residential activity, with higher-income groups living on the urban periphery
the degree to which different locations are linked with one another through transportation and communication infrastructure
the movement of people out of metropolitan areas toward smaller towns and rural areas
a process in which immigrants are culturally absorbed into the larger host society
a shared cultural identity held by a group of people with a common background or history, often as a minority group within a larger society
Nations that allocate considerable political power to units of government beneath the national level
a process of urban revitalization in which higher-income residents displace lower-income residents in central city neighborhoods. When people renovate ad restore properties in poorer areas.
Group of Eight (G8)
a collection of powerful countries that confers regularly on key global economic and political issues
US, Canada, Japan, Great Britain, Germany, France, Italy, and Russia
the various influences that explain why an economic activity takes place where it does
a large urban region formed as multiple cities grow and merge with one another.
Example= DC, Baltimore, Philadelphia, NYC, and Boston
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
an agreement made in 1994 b/w Canada, the US, and Mexico that established a 15-year plan for reducing all barriers to trade among the three countries
a business practice that transfers portions of a company's production and service activities to lower-cost settings, often located overseas
an extensive are of grassland in North America. In more humid eastern portions, grasses are usually longer than in the drier western areas, which are in the rain shadow of the Rocky Mountain range
the evolution of a labor force from being highly dependent on the primary sector to being oriented around more employment in the secondary, tertiary, and quaternary sectors.
a hybrid combination of English and Spanish spoken by Hispanic Americans
Arctic region with a short growing season in which vegetation is limited to low shrubs, grasses, and flowering herbs
A political system in which power is centralized at the national level
a process in which cities spread out over a larger geographic area
Urban Realms Model
a simplified description of urban land use, especially descriptive of the modern North American city. It features a number of dispersed, peripheral centers of dynamic commercial and industrial activity linked by sophisticated urban transportation networks. New "edgy cities"
World Trade Organization (WTO)
Formed as an outgrowth of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1995, a large collection of member states dedicated to reducing global barriers to trade
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