Titles: 2- Social Security3- unemployment compensation4-TANF 16-SSI18-Medicare19-Medicade4D-childsupportOEO-Office of Economic Opportunity S-Chip-State children health insurance programTanf-temporary assistance for needy families Prep for test:both study sessions will be on line both on Thursday and Monday from 6-8p 1945 1/3 end of ww2 1950s period of rapid growth (minors and people who live in Chicago moving from down south who were African Americans.)Harrington?s book, The other American-first time they documented the first time the poor being effectedgalbrrainth book, the affluent society (case and area poverty) case poverty0 a product of personal characteristics of the poor which prevented them from participation in the nation?s prosperity (like human capital)area poverty-a product of economic deficiency relating to a particular sector of the nation. (like in Chicago)Appalachia/Chicago rural whites/negosArea poverty-area redevelopment of 1961-public works and economic dev act (EDA) 1965-community dev block grant (CDBC) 1974Case poverty-manpower development and training act of 1962 (MDTA)-first large scale, federally funding job train programs-Comprehensive employment and train act in 1973-job training partnership of 1982He (lyndon B. Johnson) did not want his programs to be living off it and depend on it. No cash handoutsWar on poverty-196s -nearly ½ of the nation?s blacks poor in 1964.curative strategy-stresses efforts to help the poor become self-supporting by bringing about changes in these individuals and in their environment?strike at the causes not the consequences of poverty?Social insurance is a preventative strategies. preventive strategy- strategy of social insurance-compels savingalleviate strategy- strategy of public insuranceEconomic Opportunity act of 1964-rehabilitation and not relief Sergeant Shriver-first directorOffice of economic opportunity (OEO) ($25 billion effort)-key component was the requirement that the poor participate in the governance of the programs ~ community action programs?Aimed at curing the causes of poverty rather than alleviating its symptoms?The great society-Johnson (it is a great society because we were so rich, and American and saw that we were the next big thing)establishes many programs-the elementary and secondary education act of 1965?.first major, general federal aid-to-education programs ( now No child left behind act)-food stamps (now SNAP)-supplemental nutrition assistance program-job training expanded the manpower development and training act (MDTA) predecessors: JTPA and CETA (now: WIA)-Workforce Investment Act (provide training, classes and find you a job)-mainly menhead startMedicaid (see DiNitto page 302-307, Day 348-Public assistance-qualify if you hit a certain budgetMedicare (day 347-348 and Trattner 326-328)-old people, 65+Social Security (preceded by the Kerr-Mills Act of 1960)Other services?legal services, family planning programs, peace corps, and homemaker servicesARDC (day 349-350) ?social security amendmentAFDC-was an entitlement. Video Notes:is welfare reform a successes? Is it help or is it a bust? Brought to Wisconsin, it brought poor people out to work. Fight for having enough food. Is getting more in debit because she is not bring enough money in to pay bills. Their lives did not change enough when it went from welfare to work. Far too early to know if this is going to work. Even if she is working, the kids are still poor and at the same time the kids are still having problems. Gwen Moore, thinks it is better off for them to working and the money will be enough to pay rent and buy food. Importance of men in their homes. 1 in 3 black men go to jail at some point in their lives. This is the story of the man who I wrote the article on. You can make $100 in an hr or a $7 an hr job. Welfare became the replacement of a father. Ken is trying to do things better, be a good father to his son. Notes from lecture:look at sheet which is handed outYou can only get TANF for 60 months. Can be used over a broken amount of time. You must work to receive the program. Entitlement programs verse a work based programsTANF-Temporary Assistance for Needy Families-clintonAFDC-aid to families of dependent childrenCSE-child support enforcement officePaternity establishmentadjudicationcustody (custodial and non-custodialjobs-job opportunities and basis skills programprwora- Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996Public assistance programs of the social security act-aid of dependent children (ADC) 1935-aid of families of dependent children -1940 in 1950 mothersout of wed lock and black children were excludedTemporary assistance for needy families-1996reauthorized in Feb. 2006History of welfare-mothers aid (mother?s aid or mother?s pension)-to help children whose fathers were deceased-to help children whose fathers were disabled-to help children whose parents were divorced or deserted (desertion)Aid to dependent children-originally crafted to provide short term assistance to financially needy children. Families with an able-bodied father residing in the home were not eligible for benefits. Name changed in 1962-aid to families of dependent children (emphasize the family)Also added the (AFDC-UP) unemployment parent later changed to ?unemployment father? (AFDC-UF)History of welfare1988- family support act (AFDC_UP)-eligibility requirement (strict)-generally only included the recently unemployed not the ?hard core? unemployment1996-changinmg ?welfare as we know it? (TANF Handout)-welfare is responsible for the demise of the family?-encouraging marriage (program grant 10/06)-devolutionman in the house rules (pg207)-based on the American belief in the work ethicChild support enforcement (relationship to AFDC/TANF)-locating parents-establishing paternity-establishing child support orders-establishing medical orders-collecting and distributing child support payments-enforcing child support across state lines-reviewing and modifying support ordersGOALS OF tanfprovide assistance to needy familiesend welfare dependence through job readiness, work and marriagereduces out of wed lock pregnanciesencourage the formation of two parent families60 months lifetime benefit
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