Notes for final -acesocrine**gland -acinar cells secrete enzymes -endocrine pancrease creates glucaogon and insulin Alpha cells secrete glucagons -beta cells secrete insulin -papilla in pancrease is the opening -pancreas has two stimulations the parasympathetic sysem through vagus nerves. -secretin stimulates secretion of water and bicarbonates -cytokynesin(CCK)- fats and proteins cause increased digestive enzyme release -more aciditiy means you need more bicarbonate to buffer the ph. The liver is the heaviest gland in the body and 2nd largest organ in the body after the skin? -the liver is the main station that redirects and rearrange molecules. Ex if you have lowere glucose, the liver will release glucagons -------- Liver function Bile production?salts emulsify fats -storage of glycogen, fat and vitamins and copper =nutrient interconversion- =detoxification---of alcohol -hepatocytes remove ammonia -phagocytosis- kuppfer cells phagocytize worn out and dying red and white blood cells -sythesis- albumins, fibriniogen (if theres a cut, the fibronogen activates to form a fibrin to help hold and close the holes in the vessel) ,globulins (antibodies) ,heparin, -gallbladder is stimulated by cholecytoskinin and vagal stimulation, dumps into the small intestines -production of gallstones are possible. - large intestine absorbs water, -has cecum, colon, rectum, anal canal (volunteer), -functions- to absorb nutrients and waters and eliminates waste
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