3/24/09 March 26, 4 pm, Pyle Center April 1, 7 pm, Robert Friedman 1967 ? major striking differences between Avanti Populo (why is this heroism idealized? Absurd) and Every Bastard is a King (National sacrifice, hero, country?s ideals first) in both cases masculine point of view Turn Left- shift in self-perception, and in perception of Israeli history as series of catastrophes and war Israeli?s describe things in terms of national events Two major trends beginning in 1990s and are now dominate Personal, private, biographic experience becomes dominate- history is privatized, experienced through lends of personal- in some cases it is impossible to ignore conflict/history, in other cases it is completely suppressed Ethnicity and Immigration- pioneers Turn Left at the End of the World Development towns: small towns that emerge out of the blue in the margins of Israel, in the Northern Galilee on Syrian and Lebanese border, East- Jordan valley, South in Negev on border with Egypt. Inhabited by new immigrants that come tonight, municipal centers that provide commerce, small industry, basically no one does what they are specifically qualified to do, don?t ?realize? yourself. Like suburbs, being stuck in the margins, frustrations of self-realization, sexual frustrations, comes with social critique of ethnicity. Most immigrants come from Middle East and Northern Africa and there is great sense of marginalizing these specific groups in Israeli society. Universalizes the experience of immigration by filtering the story through a coming of age story through two girls- Sarah and Nicole (heroines of story) also a feminine point of view- major, story about families, how traumatic experience of immigration affects families and individuals, becomes a story of personal transition and trauma recounted by second generation immigrants Movie: cricket- British, Indians brought it from India- intercultural encounter- Soccer/cricket Sexualization of Nicole and Simone- scene is sensual, warm, reds, black- Sarah dressed in white, cricket is restrained, civilized, soccer is chaotic, rough- Indians and Moroccans are challenged by 1) Nicole?s household/mother is very European in dress, manners, restraint attitude. but Moroccans not homogenous group, internal differentiations, challenges ethnic stereotypes 2) pro-active, seductive, feminine sexuality but also with pacifist discourse of 1960s, constructs image of 1960s not only as national aftermath of 6 day war, or ethnic turmoil, but also as a distinctly and more globally connotation 1960s, associated with counter culture Dance- community center, ballroom dancing, culturally illegitimate not Israeli folk dancing, photo of Moshe Dayan, Levi Eshkol (national figures with 6 Day War), Israeli flag, poster ?to victory and to revival? ship of immigrants- these elements are all in the background, represent national myths of victory. In the foreground- people dancing as if they have nothing to do with national story, romance between Roger and Simone Hebrew-ism, like Babylon, everyone speaks another language Both Roger and Simone wear white Simone?s pro-active sexual seduction of Roger, mirrored by Nicole?s seduction of teacher Sarah?s mother Rachel is like gatekeeper of tradition, field trip with Israeli class, is about integrating into new culture, but her mother is worried about Moroccan boys being there, inter-ethnic tensions Summer of Aviya- Sabras and Immigrants vs. Turn Left- between old immigrants and newer immigrants, newcomers not accepted by those already there, intercultural clash Analogy between domestic household of Nicole?s family, and color palate is same as community center, Nicole?s father talks about immigration to Israel as terrible crisis, breakdown of family Strike going on- no money coming in for all families, they decide to play cricket game against British team in order to gain some media coverage Nicole?s mother has leukemia, these parallel lines, love affair Sarah is the one who teaches Gabi to play cricket Nicole?s mother speaks French, Nicole responds in Hebrew Nicole discovers that Sarah?s family is facing a problem Nicole seduces teacher, brother in law discovers that something is going on between them Coming of age focus on two traumatic events that bring about change 1) death- losing somebody 2) summer 3) first sexual experience, consciousness of it- Nicole experiences both
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