November 19, 2008 CFS 220 Dual- Career Couples Sub category of dual earner families; both spouses have high achievement orientations, great emphasis on gender equality Both on ?career ladder? or ?career path? that typically requires extensive formal education or training, ?paying dues,? promotion, professionalism Housework Standards become more relaxed Men pitch in Women spend avg 32 hrs a week in housework; men 10; women pull second shift Marital Power Employed women have greater power in home than nonemployed wives Wives have greatest power when employed in prestigious work, are committed to it, and have greater income than husbands Why not insist on equity in family work? Cultural norm Fear that demands will lead to conflict Belief that husbands are not competent We are increasingly seeing that marital satisfaction is tied to fair division of household labor Key elements are equity and responsibility (not equal) For men, higher standard of living provided by wife?s employment compensates for lack of staus being ?sole? provider Employed women find current division of family labor unsatisfactory; are more likely to divorce than non-employed women African American women are NOT more likely to divorce if employed Four Basic Work/Family Life Cycle Models 1. Traditional/Complementary ?divide and conquer? husband is sole breadwinner and wife-mother as full-time homemaker 2. Traditional/ Simultaneous ?trying t have it all- and at the same time? both spouses peprform paid work with wife-mother; most stressful for women and conflicted for
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