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Nutrients are delivered from the intestines through the circulatory system
to the cells by
The major function of the kidneys is to:
During the fight-or-flight reaction to stress the nervous system reacts by:
Chronic, low-grade inflammation in chronic disease is of interest because:
When given a choice between tasting a snack of cookies, potato chips, or dill pickles,
most people would:
The digestive juices in the digestive tract include:
You have just consumed a meal very high in fat. As a result, hormonal messages will
tell an organ to send _____ in amounts matched to the amount of fat present.
As food moves through the digestive tract it spends the most time in the:
Glycogen is stored in the body for future use. If it is drawn upon it will:
The disaccharides include:
Which of the following is not an effect of fiber?
Digestion of most starch begins in the:
Which of the following terms would you look for on a bread label to choose the most
The extent to which a food raises the blood glucose level and elicits an insulin
response as compared with pure glucose can be measured and ranked on a scale
A friend complains of blurred vision, cravings for sweets, weakness, and excessive
thirst and urination. These symptoms are suggestive of:
Characteristics of type 2 diabetes include:
It can be said that the energy we obtain from foods comes from the sun. This is
Fiber has been recommended in the diet for its possible benefits in reducing heart
disease by lowering blood cholesterol. How is fiber thought to play its role in
lowering blood cholesterol?
How would you respond to someone who states that white bread is just as nutritious
as whole-wheat bread?
Lactose intolerance can cause nutritional complications because:
The role of bile in fat digestion is to:
The main dietary factor associated with elevated blood cholesterol is:
To protect yourself from consuming too much _____, you would limit your
consumption of swordfish, king mackerel, and shark.
Which snack would a long-distance hiker prefer to carry as an energy-dense snack?
What does the term “point of unsaturation” mean?
To determine whether the main type of fatty acid in a fat is saturated or unsaturated
the following guidance can be used:
A woman who is pregnant is concerned about eating fish because of its potential
contamination with mercury. What would you tell her about the need for essential
fatty acids in her diet?
What is the most accurate statement to make about the process of hydrogenation of
liquid vegetable oils?
How many amino acids are considered to be essential amino acids?
The stomach lining is protected from the very strong acid of the stomach by:
Negative nitrogen balance occurs in:
The strategy of combining two incomplete plant protein sources so that the amino
acids in one food make up for those lacking in the other food is called:
Which of the following provides amino acids that are best absorbed by the body?
The calorie-deficiency disease resulting from chronic starvation is known most
A person who lost a large amount of weight during an illness has been advised by a
health food store employee that he should add amino acid supplements to his diet
to help in weight gain. What would you tell this person?
A child suffering from protein deficiency has edema. This is an example of protein’s
An adolescent girl has decided to adhere to a vegetarian diet and has selected a tossed
green salad, whole-wheat crackers, and apple juice for lunch. What would you
advise her about her complementary protein sources?
Examples of complimentary protein combinations include
What are some reasons that food producers use high fructose corn syrup so readily?
What type of vegetarian would eat eggs and milk, but exclude all flesh from their
If we were trying to choose the lowest amount of fat while standing in the meat aisle,
which represents the lowest fat meat selection?
In the decision matrix of energy use, which represents the correct order?
Why is there so much current debate about giving children vaccines?
Sugar and processed food
Why so heavily used: easy for food producers
Problems with HFCS
Possible link to obesity:
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