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The genetic coding or expression that determines our DNA messaging for cells is:
Losses of which of the following vitamins are least likely during the canning process?
When comparing the two categories of nutrient standards, the Dietary Reference Intakes and the Daily Values, one difference between the two is:
Nitrites are added to foods to:
A benefit of cardiorespiratory endurance training is that:
The amount of protein needed for physical activity varies depending on:
An elderly person who is having difficulty tolerating dairy products and does not go outdoors may benefit from which of the following vitamin supplements?
The 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans recommend:
Which of the following would you choose in order to save costs in fuel and protect the environment?
Which of the following is the best recommendation to use the built environment in a neighborhood to encourage healthy weight practices?
Switching to local foods grown close to home results in:
If you compare the two major nutrition monitoring research projects in this country, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES):
Calculate how much carbohydrate an athlete who is in training for a marathon should eat within two hours after his daily workout in order to enhance his body's storage of glycogen if he weighs 175 pounds.
A friend of yours is considering drinking one glass of wine a day because she has heard that it may reduce her risk of heart attacks. What information would you provide to her?
Research suggests that _____ may worsen "hyper" behavior in children.
Which of the following terms on a food label does not have a specific meaning defined by labeling regulations?
What is the role of insulin in weight gain?
You advise your grandmother against using mineral oil as a laxative because:
Older adults should drink at least _____ cups of fluid a day to provide needed water.
A female athlete weighs 120 pounds before a race and 115 pounds after the race. How much fluid should she consume?
Hunger makes itself known roughly _____ hours after eating.
A 45-year-old man who is overweight and has several family members with heart disease is concerned about developing it. Which risk factor does he have the ability to improve or change?
The advantage for athletes of using sport drinks for fluid replacement is that:
The implications of the U.S. Dietary Guidelines include all of the following except:
Which of the following groups is the first to suffer when crops fail or war and violence erupt in an already impoverished area?
A pregnant woman should strive to meet her DRI for _____ by increasing intakes of milk, cheese, yogurt, and other foods rich in this mineral, or by taking a 600 mg supplement daily.
When you see that foods have a discretionary calorie value of zero, you should:
What would be the best advice to give for physical activity for a person with diabetes?
The form and glycemic load of carbohydrate consumed in the diet has the following relationship with diabetes:
What does the term “point of unsaturation” mean?
What would you tell someone who is considering taking chromium supplements?
When setting a target for weight loss, an appropriate goal would be:
You go to the movie theater after eating dinner and smell the popcorn in the concession stand. Although you are full, you start salivating and your stomach grumbles, so you buy a bag to eat during the show. This is an example of what signal for eating?
Digestion of foods includes the mechanical actions of:
Which of the following is not one of the complex carbohydrates?
Alcohol affects body functions in all of the following ways except:
How many grams of carbohydrate would an athlete need to consume to ensure full glycogen and other nutrient stores and to meet energy needs if he consumes 2800 calories?
Scientists have developed a new type of margarine containing plant ingredients they think will lower blood cholesterol levels in people who use the margarine. They want to test this by having some people use the new margarine for a while and then compare their cholesterol levels with those of a group of people who use regular margarine. This is an example of what type of research design?
If the water supply is severely deficient in _____, both breastfed and formula-fed infants require supplementation after six months of age.
A young child who used to like bananas now gets nauseated if he has to eat them. This has happened ever since he became ill two months ago from spinning on a carousel immediately after eating a banana in the playground. This would be an example of a:
With two exceptions, the _____ food group provides almost no carbohydrate to the diet.
The definition of a food desert is:
One of the major benefits of physical activity for weight management is:
Which of the following lunches best fits into a meal plan suggesting that a person eat 1 cup vegetables, 2 ounces grains, and 2 ounces meat/beans at lunch?
An elderly man wants to start a physical activity program to keep himself feeling good as he gets older. What nutrition adjustments should he make?
What effect does zinc deficiency have on the body?
Results of commercial drying of foods include:
A nonpregnant woman requires 1600 calories per day to maintain her desirable body weight. How many calories per day would she need if she were in the third trimester of pregnancy?
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