Which of the following nutrition-related diseases is not one of the three leading causes of death in the U.S.? Diabetes. Fibers belong to the class of nutrients known as? Carbohydrate Which of the following is a characteristic of vitamins? Enable chemical processes in the body Gram for gram, which provides the most energy? Fats Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of protein? Most significant energy source for humans. A weight reduction regimen calls for daily intake of 1,400 kcal and 30 grams of fat, approx what percentage of the total energy is contributed by fat? 19 Which of the following is NOT true about water? Provides energy A Seven layer burrito from taco bell contains 18 grams of fat, 64 grams of CHO, and 17 grams of protein. Calculate the total number of kcal from this food? 486 A whopper sandwhich contains 628 kcals and 36 grams of fat approximately what percentage of the total kcla is contributed by fat? 52 Which of the following are substances in plant foods that are not digested in the stomach or small intestines? Dietary fiber Which meal contains foods from all foos groups represented in the MyPyramid? Steak, baked potato with margerine, broccoli, salad with oil and vinegar dressing, and milk When looking at the ingredient list label of a bottled spaghetti sauce, you see that olive oil is the second largest ingredient, what does this mean? Olive oil is the second ingredient by weight Results of large surveys done in the US and Canada suggest that North Americans should? Choose more foods that are rich in iron, calcium, vitamins ABCDE, zinc and dietary fiber. Which of the following is not a simple carbohydrate? Potatoes A compound secreted into the bloodstream that acts to control the function of distant cells is called a what? Hormone Current factors that can influence American food habits negatively are what? The time-oriented, hurried lifestyle leading to many meals eaten away from home One cup of chocolate milk contains 15 grams of carbohydrate, 8 grams of fat, and 8 grams of protein, this cup supplies how many kcals? 164 Which of the following is true about the way we should eat to achieve good nutritional status? Eat a wide variety of foods because no single natural food meets all human nutrient needs Which statement best describes nutrient density? Consume foods that have the most nutrition for their kcals Which of the following measures does not assess nutritional status? Hair analysis Which term describes failing health that results from long standing dietary intake that does not meet nutritional standards? Undernutrition The RDAs are considered to be adequate to meet the known nutritional needs of who? Nearly all healthy people Which of the following is not considered part of the GI tract? Lungs One serving of Raisin Bran cereal contains 50 percent of the 18 mg Daily Value for iron so how much will one serving of your cereal provide? 9 mg Legumes (dry beans) are in which Food Guide Pyramid group? Meat/protein Which of the following is true about the use of the Food Guide Pyramid? Variety is the key to the plan Margaret, an elderly woman, needs to limit her kcal intake without sacrificing needed nutrients, keeping the MyPyramid in mind, which could she do? Carefully select foods rich in nutrients but low in kcals One cup of apple juice has 111 kcal and 1.4 mg of vitamin C, the same serving size of orange juice has 112 kcal and 124 mg of vitamin C, which of the following is true regarding their nutrient density? Orange juice is more vitamin C nutrient dense than apple juice The acronym DRI stands for what? Dietary Reference Intake Which of the following is NOT a dietary Guideline for Americans? Exclude alcohol Jeff, a wold class triathlete, visits a dietitian to obtain sports nutrition advice. During his visit, Jeff is asked to recall what he are for the past five days, which part of the nutrition assessment is this? Diet history Mrs. Mitchell was hospitalized after being found unconscious in her home. A dietitian conducted a nutritional assessment noting the general appearance of Mrs. Mitchell?s skin, eyes, and tongue. Which Part of the assessment is this? Clinical examination Kate consumes 1,900 kcal each day. She requires 1,500 kcal to meet her daily energy needs, over time kate?s kcal consumption could lead to what? Overnutrition Where does peristalsis begin? Top of esophagus Which of the following is not required on a nutrition label? No-Fat plan What structure prevents food from entering the trachea when you swallow? Epiglottis Which large vessel is the first to receive most recently eaten nutrients, transporting them to the liver? Portal vein After digestion and absorption, which circulatory system carries fat and fat-soluble vitamins? Lymphatic Where does digestion begin? Mouth The stomach empties into the small intestine through the what? Pyloric sphincter The ring-like muscles that retard or prevent backflow of partially digested food in the gastrointestinal tract are called what? Sphincters What substance helps suspend fat in a watery digestive mixture, making fat more available to digestive enzymes? Bile Peristalsis refers to what? Muscular movement of materials through the GI tract All the following can weaken esophageal sphincter tensions and promote heartburn except what? Root beer Absorption of nutrients by intestinal cells occurs by all of the following mechanisms except what? Sustained absorption All of the following are characteristics of heartburn except what? It subsides when a person relaxes and lies down immediately after eating The most active area for absorption of nutrients into the body is the what? Small intestines The villi of the small intestines does what? Provide an enormous surface area that facilitates absorption Which of the following is true of the nutrient transport? Water-soulable nutrients are transported through the portal system to the liver
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