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How does the largest percentage of a person’s water output leave the body?
Which type of water is drawn from an underground source and contains at least 250 parts per million of dissolved solids?
Of the three types of alcohol, ethanol, methanol, and isopropanol, which is safe for human consumption? Which is rubbing alcohol? Which is wood alcohol? (Hint: you may have to look this one up elsewhere)
Where is the majority of consumed alcohol absorbed?
Where is nearly all of the alcohol ingested, metabolized?
What are the routes by which alcohol may be eliminated?
The liver can metabolize _______ounce(s) of alcohol per hour.
About 20% of alcohol is absorbed through the ______________.
What influences the absorption and metabolism of alcohol?
True or False. The type of alcohol influences the absorption and metabolism of alcohol
Given a man and a woman are the same height and weight which has a lower capacity for metabolizing alcohol?
Which part of the brain is the last to be put to sleep by the presence of alcohol?
At what BAL does death occur?
What may result from drinking alcohol excessively on a regular basis?
Stomach Ulcers, cirrhosis, reduced protein synthesis, decreased nutrient absorption
How many calories does one gram of alcohol supply?
Alcohol dehydrogenase mediates the conversion of alcohol to ______________.
Since a woman will absorb more alcohol into her blood than a man of the same weight, one drink for a woman could have the same effect as _____ drinks for a man.
Why are women more susceptible to the deleterious effects of alcohol than men?
They have less body water, they absorb more alcohol into their bloodstream
True or False: Regular alcohol consumption may lead to increased risk of liver damage if acetaminophen is taken after drinking.
True or False: Regular alcohol consumption may lead to increased testosterone production and fertility in men. REF: 277|281|283
True or false: Regular alcohol consumption may lead to increased urination
True or False: Regular Alcohol Consumption may lead to increased risk of breast cancer.
What is thought to be the main factor contributing to a hangover?
Where will alcohol that is not immediately metabolized by the liver end up?
What effects blood alcohol level?
What is the legal limit for BAC for the driver of a car in most states?
Long-term exposure to alcohol increases levels of alcohol dehydrogenase in the liver. What does this mean?
What is the actual change in sensitivity to a drug is known as?
What is the increased efficiency of removing high levels of alcohol from the blood due to long-term exposure known as?
When do delirium tremens occur?
When alcohol is removed from a chronic alcohol user and convulsions ensue
What occurs when alcohol is consumed excessively on a regular basis?
Protein synthesis slows, stomach cells become inflamed, liver cells lose their efficiency in activating vitamin D
Acetaldehyde affects red blood cells production by destroying vitamin ______.
Studies have shown that alcohol consumption is associated with a decreased incidence of heart disease. How do researchers explain this protective effect?
Inhibits clot formation and increases HDL Cholesterol
What is soft water, and what are its effects?
It may be high in sodium, may dissolve lead from pipes, cleans clothes better and soap will lather better.
Which water contaminant is not sensitive to chlorine and is a potential threat to people with weakened immune systems?
Why is night blindness a risk associated with even moderate drinking?
What is inflammation of the liver known as?
Lead in water is especially damaging to _____, in whom it can cause _____ damage.
What are the symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome?
Thin upper lip, small eyes with drooping upper lids,
How much alcohol consumption has been proven to be safe during pregnancy?
The arm of the U.S. government responsible for monitoring municipal water supplies is the _____.
Put the stages of the body’s response to increasing alcohol consumption in the correct order from start to finish.
Euphoria, Excitement, confusion, stupor, coma, death
Tomas is at a fraternity party and his friends are drinking beer and also smoking marijuana. What interaction would this combination have?
Combining which drug with alcohol increases the risk of throat, mouth, and bladder cancers?
When combined with alcohol, which drug may lead to a dangerous increase in blood pressure?
What percent of bottled water comes from the same municipal water supplies as tap water?
What is the downside to fruit and vegetable juices?
What are the side effects of caffeine consumption?
What are the health benefits associated with coffee consumption?
Consumption of which beverage is associated with a decrease in plaque formation associated with Alzheimer’s disease?
What ingredient found in energy drinks is chemically equivalent to caffeine?
True or False: using energy drinks during exercise may cause light-headedness and nausea.
What should one look for in a sports drink?
What are the symptoms of caffeine withdrawal?
Coffee drinkers seem to have a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, which may be due to the _____ found in the coffee.
How many cups of coffee a day are associated with health benefits and little indication of health risks?
Milk is not a significant source of which water soluble vitamin?
If Norma needs 1700 calories per day to maintain her weight, about how much total fluid does she need?
Citrus juices are high in ______and low in _____.
Fetal alcohol syndrome is considered to be the most common cause of _____ in the U.S.
Alcohol _____ is considered to be alcohol ingestion without negative consequences.
When evaluating body weight from a health perspective, the individual should be primarily ______________.
What problems are associated are associated with obesity?
True or False osteoporosis is associated with Obesity.
False, obesity may actually lead to greater bone density
On average, a woman is considered obese if she has over _____% body fat.
Experts have developed the _____ as a means of diagnosing obesity.
The _____ refers to how quickly a person spends energy to support the involuntary processes that take place in body cells.
What are the factors affecting the number of calories spent on voluntary activities?
Size of muscle mass involved, amount of weight being moved, length of time the activity takes.
The theory that the body tends to maintain a certain weight by means of its own internal controls is referred to as the _____ theory.
Underweight is traditionally defined as weight _____% or more below the appropriate weight for height.
One pound of body fat is equal to _____ calories.
Basal metabolic rate is decreased by low levels of which hormone? ______________
In the early stages of a low-carbohydrate diet, much of the lost weight is _________ and ____________.
The most valid criterion by which to judge the effectiveness of a diet is the:
Maintenance of weight loss afterward
In developing a diet plan for weight control, it is important for the individual to follow what steps?
What is the overall effect of exercise on the metabolic rate?
In weight control and weight loss, the individual must be aware that “spot reducing is ________________.
People who store most of their excess fat around the abdomen are at a greater risk for developing which diseases?
Hypertension, heart disease, diabetes
The person who wishes to gain weight may have to________________.
Learn to eat different foods
In order to gain weight, a person may have to change eating habits and patterns. Which of these suggestions would not be appropriate for someone who is trying to gain weight?
a.Eating more frequently
b.Eating for a longer time
c. starting with low calorie foods first
d.Always finishing with dessert
After a positive diagnosis of anorexia nervosa, what is treatment based on?
Restoring adequate nutrition, altering psychological patterns, identifying pressures that triggered the disorder
Bulimia nervosa may best be described as _____________________:
The compulsive consumption of food followed by purging
A man with a body fat percentage of _____ or more is classified as obese.
Which of the following statements is false?
a.Excess fat in the abdomen crowds the abdominal organs.
b.Excess fat in the abdomen raises blood cholesterol levels.
c. Excess fat in the abdomen raises the body's sensitivity to insulin
d.Excess fat in the abdomen poses greater risks than fat located elsewhere in the body.
The basal metabolic rate can be increased by what habits? Decreased?
Refer to Table 10-3 Page 299
What is the smallest component of total energy expenditure?
Thermic Effect Of Food
Stephanie goes to a personal trainer who calculates her BMI to be 20. This means that she is:
Twins raised by adoptive parents tend to have body shapes similar to their biological parents. This supports which theory of obesity causes?
Sharon weighs 145 pounds and has tried to lose 15 pounds since 10th grade. She loses the weight without too much effort but then over the next few months she returns to her original weight. This would support which obesity theory?
The ob gene produces a hormone called _____ that tells the body to stop eating when it is released from fat cells.
Mice with a defective form of the ob gene tend to be ______________.
Whether you eat hamburgers or carrot sticks, if what you eat provides excess calories, they will be turned to _____ in a few hours.
What is removed from excess amino acids and excreted in the urine when they are converted to fat?
Ketosis occurs when __________________ has been depleted and _________ is used to nourish the brain.
Glycogen; Body Fat
Ordinarily, the brain and nerves rely on _____ for energy.
What are the drawbacks to a low-carbohydrate, high-protein diet like the Atkins Diet?
Promotes water loss as opposed to fat loss; ketosis causes loss of appetite; too high in saturated fat; low in carbs, minerals, vitamins and fiber; not practical for long term due to rigid diet or restricted food choices
What does the “rule of three” recommend?
If you want to change a behavior, you might need to try the new behavior 3 times before you can accept it.
What practices are suggested for eliminating cues that lead to overeating?
See bulleted list on page 324 of text.
What would be an appropriate reward for meeting weight loss goals?
Go to a movie with friends, new item of clothing, a morning or evening of relaxation.
Which procedure involves stapling the stomach closed near the top, leaving only a small pouch that is connected directly to the jejunum (middle section of the small intestine)?
The two factors most responsible for the epidemic of obesity are____________ and __________.
Physical inactivity and excess caloric intake
Trends that promote obesity in the U.S. include which habits?
See bulleted list beginning at the bottom of page 292 and ending in the middle of 293.
How do successful weight-loss diets really work?
Among popular diet plans, which has been mentioned as a good option in recent research because of its food variety and evidence-based principles?
Gerald has restricted his calorie intake while continuing to exercise, and has been losing 1.5 pounds per week. However, when he weighs himself at the end of week 4, he notices he has not lost any weight since last week. What does this likely mean?
His body is retaining water temporarily as part of the fat burning process.
Repeatedly losing and regaining weight without engaging in regular weight-bearing exercise is unhealthy primarily because it can ____________________.
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