Notes, October 8 Scopes Trial Butler Act, based on Bible being foundation of government Opponents cite Galileo, freedom of speech Austin Peay?progressive governor. Told senator legislation was absurd, but both praised and condemned it. Signed it into law ?denial of bible not to be taught in school? Dayton, Tennessee: rural; real issue economics not evolution Trial used to promote economic development John Scopes?24 year old teacher; taught science ?You can?t teach biology without teaching evolution!? ?It?ll make a sensation??argument about publicity ?Drug store discussion that got out of control? Scopes Trial entertainment committee?adorned shops and windows with apes and monkeys Legally, trial of no consequence Darrow: liberal reformer, agnostic defense attorney; William Jennings Bryan: Christian, mainstream Intention focus on Bryan and fundamentalism?Darrow?s intention Darrow too motivated by personal issues? Imperil the defense? ?Vanquished fool??popular image of Bryan Darrow blamed Bryan for decline of democratic party Bryan?nat?l leader of anti-Evolutionism; speculative nature; redefined fundamentalism to mean anti-Evolutionism; Darwin?s theory merely hypothesis To this day fundamentalists misunderstand science and scientific language Bryan?s real problem is with social Darwinism?could be discouraging of goodwill H.L. Mencken?the journalist; the South has no intellectual life, it?s just morons and hillbillies 1925- Robinson?leader of school board Scopes convicted and Bryan becomes martyr for the cause of fundamentalism State constitution required jury to make fine; conviction overturned by state Supreme Court Butler Act repealed 1967
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