Speech Organization - Tips for writing the “Body” The Three Components Introduction Tell them what you are going to tell them (10% of your total speaking time) Body Tell them Conclusion Tell them what you have just told them! (5% of your total speaking time) Clear organization often characterizes a well-received presentation, since audiences perceive organized speakers as more credible The Body--Main Points The main points form the skeleton of the speech These are the ideas that support your thesis statement. Similar ideas should be put together. For instance: Point A. The current landfill program has negative environmental consequences. 1. the landfill collects dangerous material 2. with the landfill close to capacity, more land will soon be needed 3. the use of landfill makes many items usable only once Things to consider.. 3-4 main points is all you need Always work within the designated time. If time allows you only 2 main points, that’s fine Develop your main points effectively (with adequate evidence) Each of your main points have to be given equal weightage in your presentation The Body--Transitions Directional transitions (signal movement from one idea to the next) - Now that you understand the causes of poverty, let us examine the effect on our nation’s youth. - As you can see,….. - After examining some of the problems associated with…., it is important that we explore some possible solutions. Signposts (tell the audience where they are within the speech) - The first point…. - The second cause…. - In conclusion,…. - The most important point…. Transitions Internal preview (these preview materials within the body of the presentation or even within a main point. Helpful if you have lengthy or complicated material…) - In examining the effects of e-waste, there are two problems: the use of landfills and the use of hazardous materials Internal summaries (similar to above except that they remind the audience of what was just covered) - As you have seen, there are many reasons plastic bags have become a problem for our environment. They are dispersed in large quantities, are disposed off carelessly, are cheaper and hold less than paper or cloth bags--because of all these reasons, our consumption of paper bags and problems associated with it have been steadily increasing.