Last Modified: 2016-03-08
matrix is 8.4
intermembrane space is 7.0
- intact inner membrane
- highly impermeable
- electrochemical gradient of inner membrane
- increasing acidity outside inner membrane increase ATP synth.
- inner membrane permeability lowers ATP synth,.
F1 is the water soluble unit
F0 is the water insoluble unit
13 subunits total
2 are mtDNA
3 ATP from NADH
2 ATP from FADH2
activation of fatty acid oxidation and heat production in brown fat
a plant toxin
binds to the translocase and prevent ADP from moving into mit. matrix
aerobic is more productive
19 times more effective
glycerol-3-phosphate shuttle - in muscle
malate-aspartate shuttle - in liver
glycerol-3-phosphate shuttle - 2 ATP
malate-aspartate shuttle - 3 ATP
1) very high free radical load
2) no DNA damage repair mechanisms
- occurs in mid to late 20's
- loss of vision bc of degeneration of optic nerve
Words From Our Students
"StudyBlue is great for studying. I love the study guides, flashcards, and quizzes. So extremely helpful for all of my classes!"
Alice, Arizona State University
"I'm a student using StudyBlue, and I can 100% say that it helps me so much. Study materials for almost every subject in school are available in StudyBlue. It is so helpful for my education!"
Tim, University of Florida
"StudyBlue provides way more features than other studying apps, and thus allows me to learn very quickly! I actually feel much more comfortable taking my exams after I study with this app. It's amazing!"
Jennifer, Rutgers University
"I love flashcards but carrying around physical flashcards is cumbersome and simply outdated. StudyBlue is exactly what I was looking for!"