The study of human behavior in contexts of face-to face interaction
Mortification of the self
Process of ?killing off? the old self and creating (through ?reorganizing processes?) a new self
Non-contractual basis of the contract
Contracts presuppose society or social order and therefore cannot produce it
Occupational sex segregation
Concentration of men and women in different occupations. Women are concentrated in the types of jobs that pay lower salaries. The most important cause of the gender pay gap.
A research method in which the sociologist takes part in the activities of the group or community being studied
The theory that in modern mass democracies power is dispersed, political decisions result from bargaining between interest groups, and stability stems from cross-cutting social divisions and a broad consensus on the rules of the game.
C. Wright Mills's term referring to the thesis that American society is dominated by its elites from three spheres: economy, politics, military
Everything not set apart and forbidden, common things
Commodities or services which, when supplied to one person, are available to all. By definition, those who do not pay for or contribute to such goods cannot be excluded or kept from sharing in them. Examples: public parks, clean air.
Societally constructed classification assigned on the basis of genetic characteristics (skin color)
Groups that an individual identifies with and whose approval she desires
Religious economies model/Rational choice theory of religion
The theory that religion thrives?even in modern societies?when religious organizations compete freely for followers
Rules that prescribe how people must conduct themselves with sacred things
Durkheim's idea that prevents mixture between the sacred and profane
Goffman's ideas that proscribe conduct, and may take the form of deferential restraint (avoiding someone so as not to pollute her) or self-protection (avoiding someone so as not to be polluted)
Durkheim's idea that bring profane things or persons (once purified) into communion with the sacred.
Goffman's ideas that prescribe conduct
Rites of passage
Van Gennep's passages (separation, transition, incorporation), which mark the passage from one social or religious status to another.
Amount of ?religiousness? in society, usually measured by variables like church attendance, financial contributions and belief in God
Tensions or difficulties in coping with the requirements of incompatible roles
Refers to things set apart and forbidden, worthy of awe and reverence.
Frederick Taylor's belief that there was one best, most efficient way to perform every task. His ideas were predecessors to modern quality control as well as Fordism
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